Cityside Brick, Pipe and Fireclay Works, Bellside, Glasgow. This Cityside Glasgow brick was found by Asley Gerónimo,…
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The humble brick and its place in Scottish history
The humble brick is much underrated, underappreciated, undervalued and overlooked. 'Brick' is a generic term and with regards this project it stands for any clay related products manufactured at a Brick and Tile Works - bricks, drainage tiles, sewage pipes, animal feed troughs etc etc etc.
Stand up and be proud - I LOVE MY BRICK!
Father Jack knows the truth of it - Click here.
The search for Scottish bricks
************************************* This is a Scotland wide community based project and I am looking for anyone no matter where they live in Scotland, or the world for that matter, to get in touch if they feel they can assist in anyway whatsoever.*************************************
This site is primarily to record and detail the Scottish brick manufacturing industry.
The aim is to try and identify all the Scottish brickmakers back through the generations and to preserve a physical example of their bricks. The physical examples, will in the main, only relate to those makers that marked their bricks in a way that they can be readily identified.
This is a facet of Scottish history that has been previously overlooked with regards to its recording, but nevertheless, it is a very important one. The humble brick is virtually unique in that it knits together countless aspects of Scottish history – industrial, agricultural, social, military etc. Unless these bricks are located and preserved, they will soon be lost forever.
Please look at the list of Scottish bricks so far rescued.
If you have one in your back garden that I do not have listed as being in my possession, then please feel free to get in touch if you would like to donate it to the cause.
You may, of course, wish to keep your brick, in which case I would be very grateful if you could forward a close up photograph of the brick so I can add its image to the Scottish brickmark list. There are many brickmarks and variations on a theme still to be found…back gardens will be hiding many of them!
I am also looking for areas to search for bricks – so if you know of a section of coast or riverbank, demolition site etc where Scottish bricks can be found then please get in touch.
If I recover bricks from a shoreline where they have been deposited to prevent land erosion then I will replace them at the time – I always carry spares in the car for such a purpose.
Scottish brick found overseas – see menu link for full list
This brick was found in Waltham, Massachusetts, USA by Larry Cormier. Larry states ” My family purchased…
This brick was found by Laszlo Kincses at Chomutov in the Czech Republic. Stein, Castlecary Fireclay Works,…
Found in the base structure of a former glasshouse in the walled garden of Westport House, Co….
Found by Griselda Estrada de Acevedo and Marta Diaz in Colon Province, beyond Nuevo Tonosí, Panama. This…
Many thanks to Mark Schulze for the following 4 photographs taken in 2020 and information. Mark states…
The following photographs were kindly forwarded by Carol Durant, Vice President of the Rockingham District Historical Society…
Found by Craig Powell at Mount Palmer, Yilgarn, Western Australia. Craig states:- There was an entire town…
This brick was found by Jan -Olof Bergman in Sweden. J-O states “Last summer I made a…
Found by Garry Bell in NE Victoria, Australia. Cardowan Fire Clay Works, Stepps, Glasgow. . . ….
The following bricks were found in and around the Melbourne area of Victoria, Australia. They were found…
Found to the South West of St Peterburg, Russia. (Near the Estonian border). Many thanks to Vladimir…
Photographed at the Andromeda Botanic Gardens in Barbados by Barney Corrigan. The manufacturer is unknown but it…
This brick was found by Daniel Ruben Paz and his wife at Lujan Dam, a town in…
Found by Jennifer Richardson at extreme low tide buried in the sludge under the ocean water in…
Scottish brick history – see menu link for full list
Many thanks to Matthew Hennessey, Underground Overground Archaeology, Christchurch, New Zealand. John Deans was born in Kirkstyle,…
Seafield Brick and Tile Works, St Andrews. Seafield Mains is located 3.5km WNW of St Andrews in Fife,…
Crown Fire Clay Works, Glasgow. (1872 – 1873 – Thomas Brownlie of Heatheryknowe Coal Co – House…
Gushetfaulds Brickworks, Govan, Glasgow. (Note – SBH – This may or may not be what the works…
Cardowan Fire Clay Works, Stepps, Glasgow – This should be read in conjunction with the post on…
The Haining Brick and Tile Works, Selkirk, Scottish Borders Canmore 23/01/1846 – Kelso Chronicle – To be…
Dalbeattie Brickworks, Dalbeattie, Kirkcudbrightshire aka Munches Brick and Tile Works. The flood plain of the Urr has…
(Note – SBH – I am uncertain where the brickworks operated by James Shaw were located. I…
Canmore. I believe The Flemington Coal Co. (Ltd.) owned the Gateside Colliery and Brickworks. Below – 1910 –…
Canmore Calder Iron Brickworks, Whifflet, Coatbridge. Owned by the Carnbroe Ironworks. Working prior to 1863. Its name was…
So far only 2 different letters have been found associated with the Dixon stamp. ‘G’ and ‘A’….
James Waldie and thereafter James Waldie & Sons were originally coal merchants. (Note – SBH – I…
Blairadam has had 2 brickworks sites over the years. Blair Adam Tile and Brick Works, Fife Blairadam…
… Over the centuries many of Scotland’s sons and daughters have emigrated overseas, and trade has followed,…
Below – 19/03/1860 – Glasgow Herald – Brickmakers utensils, pugmill, planks, barrows, moulds etc for sale.
Drainage pipes and tiles – see menu link for full list
(Note – SBH – If anyone has any information on Corporal Smith and his connection with Ayrshire,…
Found in Selkirk and kindly donated by Vicky Wood. Hurlford Fireclay Works, Hurlford, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire. . ….
This was photographed in the Selkirk area and left in situ. I am not in possession of…
Found by Ian Suddaby in Ayrshire. Gully trap drain cover stamped R. Brown & Son Paisley. Caledonian…
Seen on a wall in Prestwick, Ayrshire. Photographed by Stevie Zerachy. This is a section of salt-glazed…
Found on top of a garden wall in Kilmarnock and photographed by Lynne McKinnon. This example is…
Found by Dr Jorg Ansorge in Stralsund (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern), Germany, a seaport town at the Baltic Sea coast….
Found by Dr Jorg Ansorge in Stralsund (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern), Germany, a seaport town at the Baltic Sea coast….
This stamp is on a salt-glazed saddle back wall cope. It was photographed in the Kilmarnock area…
Found in Carluke. I did not take possession of this example. Cement based roofing tile. Scotcem Roof…
This company appears to have been a subsidiary of Redland Tiles Limited, Cowie and may well have…
Found by Ian Suddaby in Aberdeenshire. Cleghorn Brickworks, Cleghorn, Lanarkshire. These are not in my possession. ….
Found by Ian Suddaby in Aberdeenshire. Redland Tiles. Ltd., Cowie, Stirlingshire. It is a cement based product….
Canmore Rosyth Old Church, Limekilns is situated on the shore of the Firth of Forth between Limekilns…
1845 – John Young from Newton on Ayr, in collaboration with Robert Boyle produced a machine called…
Scottish brick history – see menu link for full list
04/03/1933 – Dundee Courier – New Scottish companies. Granton Brick Co. 9 York Place, Edinburgh, to carry…
1837 – William Wilson, brick and tile maker, Thirdpart, Beith. (Note – SBH – I cannot find…
1835 – 1836 – William McCreadie, brickmaker and builder, 9 Great Hamilton Street, Glasgow. 1836 – 1837…
(Note – SBH – I am not convinced this company actually manufactured fireclay goods. They may have…
(Note – SBH – I am not convinced this company manufactured fire clay goods in Scotland but…
1840 – 1841 – Thomas McNaught, brickmaker and builder, 37 Nelson Street, Tradeston. Orders left at James…
15/04/1871 – Glasgow Herald – Assault. George Dickson, a tramp, was accused of attacking Mr James McAllister,…
(Note – SBH – It is very possible that Mr Fryar or Fryer operated works already detailed…
The entries may or may not be the same company or different companies based on the same…
Springbank Tile Company Ltd, Cairnhill Road, Airdrie, North Lanarkshire. Manufacturers of concrete roof tiles. 13/04/1934 – Motherwell…
Bothwell Park Brick Company, Netherton Estate, Wishaw, North Lanarkshire. (Note – SBH – Does anyone have any…
Glenelrig Brick Company Limited, Boxton Road, Avonbridge, Falkirk, Stirlingshire. (Note – SBH – See also the much…
Straiton Oil Works. 17/07/1882 – Edinburgh Evening News – Midlothian Oil Company. The first general meeting the…
Below – 1859 – Bog Colliery and nearby clay pit. 1886 – Hamilton McCulloch & Co, coal…
02/03/1861 – Glasgow Saturday Post – Calderwaterhead Agricultural Society ploughing match. Reference to an extra prize being…
Scottish brick collection is now rehoused!
For more photographs please Click here.
Drongan brick sought
If anyone knows the whereabouts of a Drongan marked brick, I would love to hear from them.
I believe they were manufactured at the Drongan Castle Colliery, Drongan, Ayrshire.
Please get in touch if you can assist with an example for this Scottish brick collection
Information requested – Blackpots Brick and Tile works, Banff
Information is requested on the Blackpots Brick and Tile works, Whitehills, Banff.
I have a roof tile marked Blackpots but as yet a similarly marked brick evades me. Any information on to the whereabouts of such a brick will be gratefully received. Finding such a brick would be a fantastic boost to my Scottish brick collection.
I would also love to hear from anyone that has information on the Blackpots works. Did your relatives work there? Do you have any photographs or headed notepaper bearing the Blackpots name?
Information requested – Kilchattan Brickworks, Kilchattan, ButeInformation of any description is requested with regards the Kilchattan Brickworks, Kilchattan, Bute. I believe the brickworks may have been on the grounds of Mount Stuart House and I am keen to ascertain if any marked bricks have ever been found by anyone on the island or further afield. I am currently researching these works for a forthcoming article on my site. Please click on the following link to see the article with the information gleaned so far. Click here.
Information requested – Terregles brick and tile works, Dumfries
Information of any description is requested with regards the Terregles brick and tile works, Terregles near Dumfries. In particular, I would be interested in knowing if anyone has a marked brick or tile from the works.
From an entry on Scotlandplaces and an old OS map, the works were certainly in operation between 1848 and 1850 when they were owned by M.C Maxwell Esq of Terregles.
I am currently researching these works but the information is scant.
Please click on the following link to see the article with the information gleaned so far.
“John McKnight & Son PLAN Kilmarnock” brick sought
I am seeking an example of a "John McKnight & Son PLAN Kilmarnock" brick.
Anyone with any information on these brickworks or indeed with knowledge where I may pick an intact brick up for the collection, can contact me via the contact form on this site or directly by email to email@example.com
Any information on these works would be greatly appreciated.
Brick stamped – “G Turnbull C Dykehead”George Turnbull Company operated various brickworks including Dykehead fire clay works, and the Bonnymuir Brick and Tile Works, Bonnybridge, Falkirk. A firebrick stamped "G Turnbull C Dykehead 3/4" was seen at the Cruden Bay Brickworks, Aberdeen in 1982 and a rubbing was taken of the brickmark. This proves that Turnbull did mark his bricks. I would be interested in knowing if anyone can direct me to where I can find an example of the stamped brick as shown below or indeed any brick marked "Bonnymuir" Click here. and Click here.
Brick stamped “Edmonstone Fire Clay Works Dalkeith Patent”Information of any description is requested with regards the Edmonstone Brickworks, Millerhill, Edinburgh, possibly also known as the Wellington Brick and Tile Works or the Millerhill Fire Brick Works. In particular, I would be interested in knowing if anyone can direct me to where I can find an example of the stamped brick as shown below. I am aware of only 1 such brick being in existence and it is owned by a farmer local to the old works. Please click on the following link to see the article with the information gleaned so far. Click here.
Brick of interest.
I believe these Greenhill bricks were manufactured at the Greenhill Fireclay Works, Bonnybridge.
The works appear to have started c. 1860 when Alexander and John Scott owned the farm and brickworks at Clayknowes, Bonnybridge.
The bricks were all found in the vicinity of the Greenhill Fireclay Works, Bonnybridge, Scotland. Letters are missing, reversed, upside down and angled. The one thing to note is that the letters are in the correct order as such albeit some are missing. They are all fire bricks. The 'Greenhills' bottom left appear to be a later version and the 'G' appears out of character from the other letters but at least it says, Greenhill! There are other stamps available from the same works with either a smaller font or later machine stamped versions but the names are complete on those.
My own thoughts are that this was a brickworks on its last legs prior to being taken over by the Clayknowes brickworks. As such the moulds appear to have been falling to bits especially the stamp in the bottom. They probably could not afford a mould maker or joiner so the moulder probably had to repair the stamp every morning and try to get the letters to stay in place. Perhaps they were split and could not take a nail to secure them. He appears to know how Greenhill is spelt as no letters are out of order. Basically, I think the moulds were in such a bad state that the moulder was happy if he managed to rig the stamp to say resemble anything that looked like Greenhill.
Most Wanted !There are many many bricks still to trace and rescue. I am looking for all brickmarks and variations that I do not currently possess however the following 2 are being highlighted as 'most wanted' a 'Pinkie, Musselbro' brick from East Lothian and a 'Peter Weir Patent Glasgow' brick from the Glasgow area. If you find any brickmark I do not have then I will do my utmost to uplift personally or arrange postal delivery. Many thanks for your assistance and efforts to save a little piece of Scottish history.
Brick memorabilia sought
Missing in action !
GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR - GLADSMUIR
Aberdonian assistance sought!
Any information as to where to find any bricks manufactured in the Aberdeen area would be gratefully appreciated. I have several bricks marked 'Seaton' and 'Torry' but there will be many more out there, even if they are variations on a theme eg Seaton 5, Seaton 20
In particular, I would love to hear from anyone that has a brick or drainage tile marked Clayhills, Aberdeen.
Auchinlee and Crail bricks sought
I would love to hear from anyone who may have a spare Auchinlee brick from near Motherwell or a spare Crail brick from Crail in Fife.
Both examples are currently AWOL from this Scottish National brick collection. Any information on these bricks will be gratefully received.
Please note this is Auchinlee spelt with a LEE and not Auchinlea spelt with an LEA
Brick related memorabiliaSanquhar & Kirkconnel Collieries headed notepaper detailing a reply to an enquiry dated 13/10/1922 to Wm Forsyth Esq, Town Clerk, Sanquhar for 8 panel paving bricks at 130/- per 1000 and signed J Gordon. Click here.
Mystery Brick of the Month – stamped “Heather”Found in Larbert, Falkirk, Scotland. The manufacturer of this brick is unknown. The find location would suggest Scottish origins. The brick was found in a stacked pile in a garden. It was the only one of its kind among other bricks all marked Glenboig, Castlecary or Thistle which are all Scottish trademarks. I have no doubt it is from the same stable as one of the above – but which one? Click here.
Help Help! – Scottish bricks, information and areas to search are all requested.
If anyone has found a Scottish brick, anywhere in the world, then please get in touch. If it is abroad I would love to post a small article on my site with regards the overseas find location and any background information you may have
If you have found it in Scotland then please drop me an email with the brickmark details and I will check to see if we are aware of its existence. If we are not then I will add it to this National database of Scottish brickmarks. All donations of a currently unknown Scottish brickmark will, of course, be gratefully received. I will arrange a pick-up.
Please also send me details of where you think I should look for Scottish bricks, old brickwork sites, foundry sites, river and shore dumps, fly-tipping areas etc. All will be considered for a future visit.
Please click on the link below and see if you can assist with any of the queries or unidentified bricks - research takes a long time so any help in this area would be gratefully accepted.
Can I take this opportunity to thank everyone who contacts me with information as to where I might find bricks lying around or indeed those that actually find and put aside a few examples for me to uplift later.
This assistance is greatly appreciated and undoubtedly helps me in trying to rescue as many Scottish bricks as possible. Thank ye kindly.
Please consider donating
Scottish Brick History is entirely self-funded. If you are in a position to help keep this database available for educational and research purposes then please consider leaving a donation towards the costs of the website, research and searching and travel costs. Your assistance is very much appreciated.
Register your Interest
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This form is being used to simply gauge interest in this heritage project. Occasional emails may be sent to highlight interesting finds and information.
Searching tipsPlease use the search field at the top right hand of the page. Any 'coloured' text will usually take you to another link. Hover your 'mouse' over the text and click! If you are reading a specific post, please take a look at the end of the text to see if it is 'tagged' - if it is then click on the tag text and this will take you to all the related items.
- Glenboig 24 A
- Thistle 2
- Nettle DX
- Thistle / 5 1/2
- Thistle / 5 3/4
- Dykehead 46
- ONX B
- Thistle O
- M 2 R
- Glenboig W
- KMS 13777
- Etna 10′
- Newbie Brick and Tile Works, Newbie, Annan, Dumfriesshire
- 7 Dykehead 4
- Dykehead 5-4
- Marchhill Brickworks, Dumfries
- Etna 12″
- 4 Etna
- Etna 4
- Boghead R H & Co
- Doura by Ardrossan
- WTH & CO
- WTH & Co
- ??naco Great Britain
- Atlas 486 SA
- Atlas 402 A
- Etna 4′ 0″ R
- Etna 72
- Atlas Stirling
- Atlas Great Britain
- Scottish Industrial Brickmaking and Building Company Limited, Glasgow
- Muir Armadale
- Calder 2
- DB 11412 Douglas
- Caledonia 4
- Special 3
- William Porter Patent Glasgow
- Y Heathfield
- Glenboig A KH 122
- Thistle H
- Glenboig 12
- Atlas 2 7/8
- Dodds Garngad
- Stein 3
- Dourie M
- Glenboig X 4
- Glenboig EC
- Lochside D
- Lochside C
- Glenboig M
- Morningside O
- O Gartcosh
- PMH Glasgow
- Docken 173
- Starworks J*D Glenboig D1
- G Castlecary
- Hamilton Watson, Brick and Tile Maker, Preston Pans, East Lothian.
- Afton New Cumnock
- Glenboig ‘Crown’ A-1 W 4
- Glenboig ‘Crown’ A-1 X 4
- Glenboig ‘Crown’ A-1 X 8
- Glenboig ‘Crown’ U 12
- Hurlford Fire Clay Works Kilmarnock
- Atlas 1
- Gartcosh 4
- The Plann McKnight
- Nettle D C
- Glenboig A1 RH 132 HVM D 12 30
- Thistle 4 5076
- Docken II
- Diamond H
- Nettle O
- Dougall H
- Stein 50 X
- Thistle 9
- Nettle D B
- Castlecary 3
- Garnkirk 4
- Hurlford Fire Clay Works Kilmarnock
- G Clennell Sanquhar
- BNR Starworks J*D Glenboig
- Glenboig 15
- Glenboig HB 271
- Gart? Sil?
- Glenboig 34 – AP
- T Hurll
- BAP Glenboig
- Glenboig A JF 363
- Starworks J*D Glenboig 1 ‘Arrow’
- Glenboig DK 517 C C
- Glenboig LCN ?RIBA
- Glenboig K? 386 31
- Bonnybridge 725
- S Glenboig
- Glenboig PC 170
- Glenboig 487 B
- Glenboig FCBA
- Glenboig B HM 325
- S 37
- Glenboig GM 445
- Glenboig LC 54
- Glenboig 11 GL 267
- Glenboig FM 46 B 3
- Glenboig 14 HK 171
- Glenboig MB 77
- O 460 Glenboig 1
- Y 10 Glenboig
- Robert Brand Coatbridge
- Glenboig D LK 211
- A Glenboig HD 77
- JG Stein & Co
- Glenboig JA 299
- Glenboig GA 204
- Glenboig Special M 619
- Glenboig A GD 228
- Nettle D 8
- Southhook Bonnyton Kilmarnock
- Hurll K 48 – 57
- Glenboig OD JE 79
- Southhook and Shawsrigg Kilmarnock Scotland NB
- Glenboig HM 294 48
- Glenboig SL 2 GL 168
- HK 239
- Glenboig 84
- Glenboig Y 4
- Gartcosh C
- JM 384 Glenboig
- 8263 Glenboig
- Glenboig 37 G LJ 9
- EF 323 Glenboig 4 B 1
- Glenboig FF 282
- Glenboig HL 143
- Unmarked special
- Glenboig D 4 DL 556
- 3 Glenboig ED 257
- Glenboig FF 182 E BW
- Glenboig GG 334
- S Glenboig GE 362
- Glenboig DE 552
- Glenboig D 4 JF 22
- Glenboig GK 413
- EE 249 Glenboig MA1
- Glenboig Patent A
- Glenboig JC 109 609 / BW
- JL 321
- Glenboig A1 GB 51
- Glenboig JF 215 630 M
- Glenboig EM 309 BW
- Glenboig GK 92 BW A
- Glenboig C 6/2 FH 368
- Dougall 1
- Ferguslie Patent
- Glenboig MM GD 228
- Glenboig KK GD 228
- Glenboig ‘Crown’ T 12
- Glenboig M 3
- Gartcosh M 3
- Clackmannan 1875
- Hurll D
- 9 Dougall
- Starworks J*D Glenboig 21 A
- Clackmannan 1873
- Nettle – D A 14
- Stein 03
- Hillhead by Kilmarnock
- Gartcosh FCCA
- WBC N10
- WBC A52
- WBC B6
- William Porter, Brickmaker, Newlands, Glasgow.
- Bell Hornsby & Co Patent Bishopton
- Glenboig LJ 9 642
- Glenboig W 13
- JL 41 Glenboig
- Glenboig GH/38
- Glenboig N 1
- Hurll X
- Glenboig PJ 373
- Glenboig LF 231 18
- Glenboig 282
- Glenboig B LF 85
- Glenboig KM 178 487 B
- Glenboig LK 292 D
- Glenboig T 1 D
- Glenboig 1 A
- Glenboig KJ 171 TX A1
- Glenboig 103
- Glenboig W11
- Coltness 30
- Hurll RB
- 8 Calder
- Glenboig LH 162
- Glenboig 3 1
- Glenboig JK 226
- Glenboig KG 405 – 2
- LH 135 Glenboig
- Thistle 7192 L 121
- Glenboig OH 464 LA