Grange Fire Brick Co, Bridgeness, Bo’ness, Stirlingshire


1854 – OS Map – No reference to the Grange Fire Brick Co works.

19/11/1859 – Edinburgh Evening Courant  – The Royal Society of Arts. Annual General Meeting. The report of the Prime Committee was read for 1858 – 1859 and the following prizes awarded.  – To Mr Henry Cadell, M.E Grange, Bo’ness for his “description of an improvement in the construction of brick kilns for economising fuel and prevention of smoke” with a drawing. Read and exhibited 11/04/1859  – The Society’s silver medal and plate, value 5 sovereigns.

1861 –  Grange Fire Brick Co., Grange Pans. Alexander Bowie, manager.

1878Henry Cadell, Grange Brickworks, Borrowstounness.

Henry Cadell, Born. 1812 – Died 08/01/1888. The business was then taken over by his son Henry Moubray Cadell, Born 1860 – Died 10/04/1934.

11/03/1891 – Falkirk Herald – Mr HM Cadell sells a plot of land at Grangepans for the erection of the new “Co-operative Pottery”. A previous pottery was also established at Grangepans in 1887.

06/11/1908 – Linlithgowshire Gazette – The growth of Grangepans and Bridgeness … The Grange Brickwork stood on part of the site of the West Lothian Pottery …


Mr Henry Cadell of Grange and Banton, was the chief of a family which for more than a century has been associated with the iron industry of Scotland. He was a grandson of William Cadell, of Banton, in Stirlingshire, who, in partnership with Dr John Roebuck and others, established the Carron Ironworks in 1760, and held the post of managing partner during the first twenty struggling years of the life of that celebrated concern.

The late Mr Cadell was born on his paternal estate of Grange, near Bo’ness, in Linlithgowshire, in 1812, and received his education in Edinburgh. He was for many years engaged in coal and ironworks in Fife and elsewhere, and acted as the manager to the East of Scotland Malleable Iron Company at Dunfermline for some time. He was afterwards appointed as manager of the Duke of Buccleuch’s Dalkeith Collieries; and his skill and energy, inherited from his enterprising ancestors, enabled him to turn the balance, and convert what had hitherto been a losing concern into a prosperous business. In 1855, he left Dalkeith to reside at Grange and spent the rest of his life in working the minerals on his own estate, to which he succeeded on the death of his father in 1858.

In 1862 his energies were spent in erecting on his property the Bridgeness Ironworks, where the black- and clay-band ironstone from Grange was smelted for some time. The works, however, did not turn out so remunerative as he had expected and were discontinued for about ten years. One of the two furnaces was again blown in, when about 1872 the good times for ironmasters once more came round. When prices began to decline, however, the furnace was again blown out, and it has not since been in operation.

Mr Cadell had an inventive and mechanical turn of mind, and he published the results of his experiments in various periodicals and papers. Among his inventions was an improved graduated steelyard, made in 1856, which gave absolutely correct readings from zero upwards. He also introduced improved kilns, which were used with advantage in his own brickworks and elsewhere. Several of Isis papers were published in the Proceedings of the Royal Scottish Society of Arts and were awarded prizes by the Society, which, in 1880, elected him as president. The last paper he wrote was a description of a method of preventing the deposit of silt in harbours, and for this, he received the Society’s honorary silver medal in 1885.

Mr Cadell was a very worthy and public-spirited “laird” of the old school and was much esteemed by the tenants and work people on his estates, to whom he had long been a kind-hearted and indulgent landlord and employer.

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The family name was originally spelt Caddell, but in the 18th century one ‘d’ was dropped. However, it is still pronounced with emphasis on the first syllable; thus Cadell rhymes with paddle!
Henry Cadell of Grange was a mining consultant and industrialist who had acquired considerable geological knowledge of the Lothian coalfields. Indeed, in the 1850’s he had provided Archibald
Geikie with geological information about the Bo’ness area that was incorporated into the initial survey map and memoir for Edinburgh and the Lothians. He favoured and fostered economic development of the hinterland to the River Forth and managed the Bridgeness Coal Company that held interests in coal mining, iron foundries, iron ore mining, salt pans, timber, agriculture
and pottery manufacture. The wealth of the large Cadell family was based mainly on industrial enterprises that started initially with iron-ore smelting at Cockenzie and continued with the establishment of the Carron Iron Works in 1759. In the late 18th and early 19th century, the Cadells of Grange were the senior branch of the family and owned considerable estates in Linlithgowshire and Stirlingshire and several collieries. Source

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