Caledonian Brickworks, Braidwood, Carluke, South Lanarkshire

(Note – SBH – Is this the same James Allan that operated out of the Craighall Brickworks?)

James started tile manufacturing at Hillhead in 1855. He had no capital but his father gave him money to start up

In 1860 he took a lease on a clayfield at Braidwood which worked until the sequestration – proceedings started in 1887.

In 1870 he took a lease of a tile works at Auchengray which worked until sequestration.

Both of these businesses were profitable.

In 1872 he started a coalfield at Auchengray. He had a partner for a short time, a Mr Hunter. The coalfield lost £2000 in 3 years, mostly searching for minerals.

In 1876 he started a small chemical works at Auchengray. He erected more retorts to increase output after making a profit in the first year. However foreign competition meant prices declined and he ceased operations in 1883, suffering losses of £2150.

He then started manufacturing cattle cake but lost £20.

He struggled for 10 years but thought profit form the tileworks would keep him going.

He borrowed £2800 from Hillhead Estate and £300 against his house.

Creditors form Carluke:- Alexander Tudhope, Lilypark. John Allan, Hillhead Farm. National Bank.  Martin & Symington, Builders and Contractors. John Hamilton, engineer, Braidwood. Wm Martin, Builder. Thomas Clarkson Snr, Brickwork Carluke. Marion Wilson, Lengmeer. Richard Gibson, Tile Merchant. Thomas Pettigrew, Joiner. Thomas Morton, Shoemaker. McKinnel and Dryer, Wood Merchants. John Hislop, Ironmonger. Alexander Harvey, Painter. Dr Stewart. George Henshilwood, Merchant. Andrew Gold, Tile Merchant. Discharged October 1889

1860 – 1861 – Extracts from valuation rolls. George Morton and James Allan, Brick and Tile Works ( still operating 1881). James Stevenson Esq was the proprietor of the land.

Below – 19/10/1867 – Hamilton Advertiser – James Allan advert.

27/03/1869 – Hamilton Advertiser – Wanted  – 2 respectable tenants for houses at Braidwood Station. Men preferred who would work in brickworks if required. Apply to James Allan or at the Works.

Below – 10/07/1869 – Hamilton Advertiser – James Allan advert. Caledonian Works, Braidwood via Carluke.

Below – 30/10/1869 – Hamilton Advertiser – James Allan advert. Brick, tile and sewage pipe manufacturer. Works Braidwood via Carluke.

1870 – 1871 – Extracts from valuation rolls. James Allan Tile Maker, Bushelhead Tileworks. House Hillhead Cottage, Bushelhead. Samuel Rolland, Tile Works Manager lived in a house at the works.

Below – 29/01/1870 – Hamilton Advertiser – James Allan advert for bricks and manures.

Below – 23/07/1870 – Hamilton Advertiser – James Allan advert for bricks. Advertising ‘Patent pressed’ bricks. Caledonian Works, Braidwood via Carluke.

Below  – 28/09/1870 – Headed notepaper – James Allan, Brick, Tile and Manure Merchant, Carluke. Invoice for 250 firebricks.


Below – 25/02/1871 – Hamilton Advertiser – James Allan advert.

Below – 30/09/1871 – Hamilton Advertiser – James Allan, Caledonian Brickworks, Braidwood.

Below – 21/01/1876 – Headed notepaper –  James Allan, Manufacturer of Agricultural and Sewerage Drain Pipes, Carluke – perforated, composition, fire, glazed stable and scullery bricks. Chimney cans, vents, vases, paving tiles, flue covers, cattle troughs, mangers, jars, stable and street blocks, byre gripping, garden borders, wall cope etc. Caledonian and Auchengray Works, Hillhead Cottage, Carluke.


04/05/1881 – Glasgow Evening Post – Brick and tile machines for sale. James Allan, Carluke … also  Wanted a large cast-iron retort. James Allan, Carluke.

Below – 1882  – Advert James Allan.

1882 James Allan Carluke

Below – 1886 –  Advert James Allan.


30/07/1887 – Dunfermline Saturday Press – Scotch bankrupts – Sequestrations – James Allan – brick and tile and manure manufacturer residing at Hillhead Cottage, Carluke.

Below- 05/08/1887 – The Scotsman – James Allan bankruptcy.

18/05/1907 – Carluke and Lanark Gazette – On Monday there passed away at 15 Budhill Avenue, Shettleston, James Allan aged 72 years. Deceased was at one-time the proprietor of brickworks at Carluke and Achengray. He left Carluke about 20 years ago.

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