Blackstoun Mineral Oil Company and Brick Works, Renfrewshire

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William Black & Sons Limited/Blackstoun Oil Works

Info from Scottish Shale Oil site

Info re William Black & Sons

Blackstoun Oil Works

Location 55.867460, -4.468490, show in map
Former parish and county Parish of Kilbarchan, Renfrewshire
Current local authority area Renfrewshire
Construction history Presumably constructed c. 1872
Ownership history Allan Craig & Sons, Blackstone Mineral Oil Company, William Black & Sons Ltd
Demolition history Presumably dismantled c. 1887
Current status of site Farm and wooded waste ground


Also referred to as Blackston, Blackstone, or Linwood by Blackstone oil works

Redwood notes “Blackston Oil Works, proprietor Blackston Mineral Company, and located at Blackston, Paisley [sic], operated between 1872 and 1879″. He also lists ” Blackstoun Oil Works, proprietor Allen, Craig & Company [sic] and located Linwood, near Johnstone, Paisley operated between 1870 and 1886, equipped with 44 vertical retorts producing crude oil only.” Valuation roles suggest that both entries refer to the same site.

Available evidence suggests that Blackstoun oil works were operated by Allan Craig & Sons from c.1871 until c.1886. This company also manufactured bricks.

Allan Craig’s works were presumably supplied from the pits of William Black & Sons.(operating as the Blackston Mineral Oil Company?), who obtained a lease on local minerals in 1872. The Blackston Mineral Oil Company, along with other businesses carried out by William Black & Sons, (including the Stanrigg Oil Company) merged to form William Black & Sons Limited in 1895. William Black & Sons Limited resumed brick production on the Blackstoun site c.1900, probably using spent shale. This continued when the company was amalgamated into United Collieries, in c.1905.

There is little evidence to suggest that the Blackston Mineral Oil Company (often referred to as Blackston Mineral Company) manufactured mineral oils. The company file for William Black & Sons Limited makes reference to taking ownership of collieries and oil works at “Blackston and Achenledimont (sp?)” however this might related to the former plant of Allan Craig & Co.?

Valuation Records

Entries between 1872 and 1902. Download details

1882 – Blackstoun Mineral Co, coal, iron and stone masters and oil and brick manufacturers, Blackstoun near Paisley

Directory Listings

From Watson’s Directory for Paisley:

  • BLACKSTOUN Shale, Coal and Oil Works, proprietors, Allan Craig & Sons (1873-86)
  • CRAIG, Allan, & Sons, Coal and Shale Oil Works (1871-73)
  • CRAIG, Allen & Sons, Coal and Shale Oil Works, Linwood (1877-82)
  • CRAIG, Allan & Sons, Brick Manufacturers (1874-78)
  • CRAIG, Allan, of Craig, Allan, & Sons, house, Mount Florida, Glasgow (1874-78), Newfield, Johnstone (1879-82)
  • CRAIG Allan, jun., of Allan Craig, & Sons, ho., Johnstone (1875-85) Newfield, Johnstone (1886)
  • CRAIG, John, of Allan Craig & Sons, ho., Johnstone (1875-86)
  • CRAIG, Robert, of Allan Craig & Sons, Linwood (1875-77)
  • CRAIG, William of Allan Craig & Sons, Linwood (1876-86)
  • BLACKSTON Mineral Company, Blackston – Robert Waddell, manager (1885-89), William Kirkwood, manager (1892-93), Peter Paterson, manager. (1894-95)
  • BLACK, William & Sons Limited, Blackstone works (1896-99) Blackstone works and Blackstone brickworks (1900+)
  • UNITED COLLIERIES, Blackston brickworks (1905+)
  • KIRKWOOD, William, manager Blackston works – cottage Blackston (1889-92)
  • NIVEN, Robert, cashier, Blackstoun Pits (1876)
  • PARK, Isaac, clerk, Blackston Mineral Co. – house Blackstone cottage (1894) Wm. Black & Sons Ltd. – house (1896-97)
  • RUSSELL, Thomas, clerk and cashier to Blackston Mineral Co. (1885-89) cashier to Blackston Mineral Co. –house 18 Greenhill Rd, Paisley (1890-95)
  • RUSSELL, Thomas, cashier to William Black & Sons Ltd. –house 18 Greenhill Rd, Paisley (1896)
  • WADDELL, Robert, manager, Blackstoun Pits (1876-79), manager, Blackstoun Works (1880-84) cottage; Blackston(1885-87)
  • WILSON, Alex., oversman, Blackstoun Pit (1876-78)

Below – 21/04/1917 – Hamilton Advertiser – Blackston Brick Work, Houston for sale. Belonging to United Collieries.

Below – 1895 – OS Map – Blackston Brick Works.


Below – 1910 – OS Map – Blackston Brick Works. (disused)

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