This brick was found in Truckee, California by Gary Underhill. Gary states ” I recovered this burnt example from the former site of the Boca Brewery, located on the banks of the Truckee River, outside Truckee, California. The brewery, one of the largest in the nation at the time was in operation from 1875 until…
Greenhill Fire Brick Works, Greenhill Fireclay Works and Greenhill Fireclay Company, Denny, Bonnybridge, Stirlingshire.
Greenhill Fireclay works, Clayknowes, Bonnybridge – Alexander and John Scott owned the farm and brickworks at Clayknowes and Cadgersgate according to the valuation roll of 1865, Slater’s Directory of 1867, refers to the Greenhill Fireclay works being worked by Scott & Walker. The brickworks is not shown on the maps of 1854, so it probably started about 1860. The Greenhill Fireclay Company had passed into the hands of the partners, William Brown and Thomas Brownlee of Glasgow and George Caddell Bruce of Edinburgh by 1875. Brownlee and Bruce still owned it in 1880, but by 1895 when it was owned by James and William Wood, the brickworks was in ruins. The site was used by several explosive manufacturers before and during the First World War and suffered several accidental explosions. No more bricks were made on this site, although a Greenhill Fireclay Company was incorporated in October 1920, with James Ferguson, Managing Director of Lane & Girvan, the Bonnybridge iron founders, one of the principal shareholders. This company was liquidated in 1922, when Ferguson took an interest in the re-structured Glenyards Fireclay Company at Greenhill Railway junction, as a Director of James Anderson & Co. Ltd. Source – Kenneth Sanderson.
This site refers to the Greenhill Fireclay company closing in 1922 but reopening the same year and closing again in 1952 – source.
1860 – Brickworks started?
01/12/1864 – Falkirk Herald – To Brickmakers – Wanted, a good hand at brick making; likewise a can maker. Liberal wages will be given – apply at Greenhill Brickworks by Denny
15/11/1866 – Falkirk Herald – Strayed from the Greenhill Fire Clay Works, Denny – a brown retriever dog answering to the name ‘Sailo’. The finder will be rewarded on returning it to the Works, and if found in possession of anyone after this intimation they will be prosecuted.
Below – 1867 – Advert Greenhill Fire Brick Works Denny Scott and Walker.
02/05/1868 – Edinburgh Evening Courant – Scotch Bankrupts – David Henderson Roberts, brick and tile maker, Greenhill Fire Clay Works, County of Stirling. April 30th – creditors meet in the Royal Hotel, Falkirk 11th May at one o’clock.
Below – 15/05/1868 – Edinburgh Evening Courant – Greenhill Fire Clay Works for sale. David H Roberts.
19/01/1869 – Perthshire Courier – Creditors of David Henderson Roberts, brick and tile maker, Greenhill Fire Clay Works in the parish of Falkirk and county of Stirling meet in the office of McFarlane and Hutton, 165 West George Street, Glasgow 9th February at 12 o’clock.
1869 – Thomas Brownlie plus two others (William Broom or Brown?) formed the Greenhill Fireclay Company by acquiring a property known as Clay Knowes near Greenhill Junction.
Kenneth Sanderson states – William Brown and Thomas Brownlee of Glasgow and George Caddell Bruce of Edinburgh formed the Greenhill Fireclay Company but it could have been William Broom not Brown as evidenced in this advert below or is the advert wrong and should it read Brown, Brownlie and Bruce?
29/09/1870 – Falkirk Herald – Contractors wanted – for Carting Goods from Greenhill Fireclay Works, on the Lands of Clayknowes, to Greenhill Railway Station. Also, Coals from said Station to Works. Contractors to state price per ton for coals, and per 1000 for Bricks. Full particulars will be given on application to James Affleck, Clayknowes, by Denny.
Below – 1878 – reference to Clayknows in Slaters Advertiser for Denny Stirlingshire but also note the reference to Glasgow.
01/09/1870 – Falkirk Herald – Contractors wanted for carting fireclay goods from Greenhill Fireclay Works on the lands of Clayknowes to Greenhill Railway Station. Also coals from said Station to Works. Contractors to state price per ton for coals and per 1000 bricks. Full particulars will be given on application to James Affleck, Clayknowes by Denny.
15/05/1879 – Falkirk Herald – Sale of 193,500 fire bricks at Greenhill, 23rd May. Thomas Binnie begs to intimate that he is instructed by Greenhill Fire Clay Company to sell by public auction at Greenhill Junction ( Caledonian and North British Railways) 180,000 fire bricks 9″ X 4 1/2″ X 2 1/4″, 6,000 fire bricks 12″ x 6″ x 3″, 4,500 fire bricks 16″ x 5″ x 2 1/2″. Conveniently situated for putting on a rail. Also adjoining the Forth and Clyde Canal near Greenhill. 3,000 fire bricks 9″ X 4 1/2″ X 2 1/4″ – these bricks are of superior quality of fire clay and will be sold in lots.
Below – 01/04/1880 – Falkirk Herald – Sale of farm land at Clayknowes as owned by the Greenhill Fireclay Company.
Below – 17/02/1881 – Falkirk Herald – Farm and Greenhill Fireclay Co for sale.
11/04/1881 – Aberdeen Press and Journal – City of Glasgow Bank shareholders – A meeting of the creditors of Thomas Brownlie, coal and quarrymaster in Glasgow, a partner of the Heatherknowe Coal Company, The Blochairn Quarry Company, the Greenhill Fire Clay Company and the City of Glasgow Bank was held at the Faculty Hall, Glasgow on Friday afternoon. It was stated that the bankruptcy had been caused by the depression of trade produced by the failure of the City of Glasgow bank and by the difficulty in realising trade assets………
Below – 27/04/1881 – Glasgow Evening Post – Bankruptcy – Thomas Brownlie plus two others (William Broom or Brown?) formed the Greenhill Fireclay Company by acquiring a property known as Clay Knowes near Greenhill Junction in 1869.
Below – 1896 – Clayknowes Brick Works, Bonnybridge (disused).
02/9/1899 – Airdrie and Coatbridge Advertiser – On Wednesday when a clayworker named Henderson, employed at the new brickworks, Greenhill, Bonnybridge, was engaged removing a quantity of clay by holeing underneath the mass, it suddenly came away, burying him underneath. Assistance was immediately rendered, and Henderson was dug out of his painful position. He was badly crushed and injured internally. He was removed to Glasgow Infirmary. (Note – SBH – It is possible these works were closed for a period of time in the 1880′ to 1890s as the map of 1896 stated they were disused)
16/10/1920 – Aberdeen Press and Journal – New Scottish Companies – The Greenhill Fireclay Co Ltd, 140 Wst Street, Glasgow ( Private Company) to carry on the business of brick and tile makers. pottery makers, quarry masters, builders and merchants and dealers in coal. Capital £10,000 in £1 shares.
18/06/1927 – Falkirk Herald – The employees Messrs James Anderson & Co., Ltd., Greenhill Firebrick Works, held their annual outing on Saturday last, Aberfeldy being their destination, and the mod of travel being by motor charabancs. The outward route chosen was via Stirling, Crieif, and the Sma’ Glen —where an al fresco luncheon was enjoyed—and then via Amulree to Aberfeldy, where dinner was later partaken of. The homeward run was made via Loch Tay, Killin, and Strathyre, where a halt was made. Here the party was entertained to an excellent tea by the firm in Munro’s Temperance Hotel, the generosity of the directors being greatly appreciated by all. After another brief halt at Callander, the last portion the run was entered upon, home being reached about 10 p.m.
26/12/1931 – Falkirk Herald – For sale – Ford ton lorry with tip up attachment in good running order. Messrs James Anderson & Co., Ltd., Greenhill Brickworks, Bonnybridge.
09/09/1936 – Falkirk Herald – A 1200 gallon capacity steel tank, 7′ 6″ x 5′ 3″ x 5′ 3″ – Offers to James Anderson & Co Ltd, Greenhill Brickworks, Bonnybridge.
22/12/1951 – Falkirk Herald – National Svings movement – Stirlingshire Committee quarterly report – New groups formed include the Greenhill Brickworks.
1952 – Works close?
Below- a selection of Greenhill stamped brick. They quality and variation in the stamp is most intersting.