Titwood Tile Works, Strathbungo, Glasgow

01/10/1856 – Glasgow Herald – Titwood Tile Works for let – The tilework on the farm of Titwood and Estate of Pollok, will be let for such number of years as may be agreed on. It is situated one and a half-mile from Glasgow, on the Pollokshaws Turnpike Road, and has a connection with the Glasgow and Barrhead Railway. The clay is good, and coals are in the immediate neighbourhood. Apply to Wm. Colledge, Factor on the Estate, at Hillhead, by Polloksbaws; or at 69 St. Vincent Street, Glasgow. Sept. 1856.

Below – 1858 – Titwood Brick and Tile Works.

1859 –  Glasgow PO Directory lists the Titwood brickyard of A & T Hamilton, brick and tile makers, that previously occupied the site. The original feu disposition of 1860 between Sir John Maxwell, and William Stevenson & John McIntyre refers to compensation to be paid to Alexander Hamilton, brickmaker in Glasgow and Thomas Hamilton, brick and tile maker, Auchingray Brick and Tile Works, Carnwrath, since they would be required to vacate the site.

(In 1859 the Titwood Brick and Tile Factory was demolished and a gated residential suburb to the south-west of Strathbungo began when Alexander ‘Greek’ Thomson together with the builder John McIntyre built 1-10 Moray Place.)

1858 -59 – Hamilton, A. & T., brick and tilemakers, Titwood, by Strathbungo, and Lilybank; brickworks,  off Eglinton street.

1861  – 62 –  Hamilton, A. & T., brick and tilemakers, Titwood, by Strathbungo.

06/06/1862 – Glasgow Herald – Notice – The copartnery carried on by the subscribers as brick makers and brick builders in Glasgow, under the firm of John McIntyre was this day dissolved by mutual consent. 04/06/1862. Signed John McIntyre and Alexander Thomson.

Witnesses? Petrie and John Guy.

The subscriber, John McIntyre who now carries on the business alone, will uplift and pay all debts due to or by the late company. Signed John McIntyre and Alexander Thomson.

Glasgow brick and tile works. 04/06/1862.

By 1877 – Austin and McAslan had transferred all their nursery growing to the Titwood Nursery, which lay in the Glencairn Drive area of Pollokshields.  The Coplaw Hill site then became the brick works to meet the demand of the construction activity taking place in the area.  The brick works were known as Coplaw Hill Brick Works; Strathbungo Brick Works and also Nursery Brick Works.

Below – 1893 – 1894 – Strathbungo Brickworks.

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Bell, Hornsby & Co.

Mason and brick work contractors

Bell, Hornsby & Co. were a building and contracting firm, and one of many brick manufacturers in the Glasgow area. From the 1860s to the 1890s, local brick was widely used for factories, and for the internal and rear walls of stone-faced commercial and domestic buildings.  ). Of the original partners, Alexander Hamilton seems to have been the longest-established, manufacturing bricks at Lilybank off Eglinton Street, on the south side of the city, from about 1852.  He expanded into tile making, operating from a second brick works at Strathbungo in 1858, before becoming a ‘silent partner’ in Bell, Hornsby. Another partner, Robert Bell, possibly ran a bricklaying firm in South Wellington Street c. 1857 (he is not to be confused with the wealthy Wishaw and Broxburn industrialist of the same name, who was also a brickmaker). Other partners were John Thomson Hornsby and Alexander Whitelaw, a Greenock-based builder.

The firm of Bell, Hornsby first appears in the Glasgow Post Office Directory for 1864 as ‘brickmakers, builders and contractors’, based at Hamilton’s premises.  Bell, Hornsby and Hamilton at first all lived beside their works, before moving elsewhere. They shed a partner in 1868 when Whitelaw chose to continue on his own.

By 1875, the partners had taken over Polmadie Brickworks, Rutherglen Road, with its clay pits nearby at Mallsmire Burn. Brickmaking was a seasonal activity; since clay digging was impossible in winter when the ground froze, and good weather was important for initial drying. Rather than pay for the upkeep of draft horses over winter, the brickmakers, including Bell, Hornsby, sold them off. As a supplementary activity during the closed season Bell, Hornsby erected one or two blocks of tenements at a time (probably using their own bricks) in the fast-growing working-class area of Polmadie. Of the 46 tenements built there, Robert Bell, house factor, and John Bell, mason’ were proprietors, and therefore the likely builders, of five.

In 1883, Bell, Hornsby were prosecuted for a breach of the Factory Act: ‘Inspectors were very particular in enforcing the law with respect to the employment of young girls [under 16 years] in brickfields’. By the time Robert Bell retired in 1886, the firm was running an additional brickworks at Blairardie, which was beside its own clay pits at Garscadden, and another at Govan. The business was continued into the 20th century by John Hornsby Junior, after his father’s retirement in 1896. Since the late 1860s, it had been based at 197 Pollokshaws Road, and it continued to operate from here until at least the 1920s.

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