The following information is from Ian Suddaby. Ian states – This very unusual drain was seen near Edinburgh. It’s unusual because it’s made from two U-shaped or horseshoe drains, one upside down in the base and one the right way up on top. This clearly increases the capacity but has its problems. It’s also unusual…
Found Eshott, Northumbria by Brian Wardell.
Horseshoe drainage tile marked ‘Drain’.
It was marked ‘drain’ to ensure it avoided the brick tax and thus can be dated 1826 – 1850.
Measuring 12″ x 5″ x 5″
Below – Some bricks were also stamped drain as in this example. Some fascinating info from Arthur Brickman: Although I’m unable to identify the manufacturer of this particular brick, I can add some background information. Until 1850 a tax was paid on all bricks used for property building, however, those used for infrastructure products were exempt. To avoid tax liability in such cases, the manufacturer’s marked their drainage bricks accordingly and this would be one such example. However, I have encountered similar items in building footings, particularly on colliery sites. No doubt once the structure was complete the offending items would have been concealed, and a saving on its overall cost achieved at the expense of the Exchequer!
Below – A brick stamped ‘dreain’ (drain) found at Pocklington, Yorkshire. (Note – SBH – This may well be a misspelling but it is also believed that this spelling for ‘drain’ may have been used often in the Yorkshire area).