Blairadam Brickworks, Kelty, Fife

Blairadam has had 3 brickworks sites over the years. See the 1854, 1894 and 1944 maps below.

Blairadam Tile and Brick Works, Fife

Blairadam Brickworks, Kelty, Fife.

Canmore – Blairadam Brick and Tile Works  – Alternative Names Lassodie; Whitehouse Wood; Thornton Wood – Archaeological Notes. – The site of Blairadam Brick and Tile Works (depicted on the 1st edition of the OS 6-inch map (Fife & Kinross, 1856, sheet 30) lies in Whitehouse Wood, a dense forestry plantation. No trace of it was located at the date of the visit.

(Note – SBH – I believe the alternative name of Lassodie may be misleading as the Lassodie Brickworks were a separate site altogether and I am not aware they were connected).

NT 1200 9400 (centre) A watching brief was undertaken as part of an Environmental Assessment at the opencast coal site of Blairenbathie. The site of a former 19th-century brick and tile works and two domestic cottages, identified in a previous evaluation (Strachan 1996), were examined, as well as additional structures.
A small rectangular building measuring 10 x 5m was identified as a workers’ lobby (restroom). Within the W end of this small room, the remains of an iron grate were found in situ. The foundations of the building comprised waster drainage tiles which show that this building was not a primary component of the brick and tile works.
A kiln was situated about 10m W of the workers’ lobby. Its rectangular outer walls measured 12.3 x 8m and were constructed of bonded brick. The kiln chamber floor lay 1.5m below the present ground surface and was found to be heavily disturbed, although ten courses of brick survived on its western side. The positions of the fireboxes (stoking holes where coal was laid) could not be determined. It is considered, from the remains of fragments of brick-arch, that the kiln was a single-chambered rectangular Scottish updraught example with arches over the fireboxes.
Rubble was cleared from an L-shaped building situated to the NE of this, perhaps associated with the Blairenbathie Coal Pit (which was abandoned in 1876). The building walls were of bonded brick (stamped HILL OF BEATH) and enclosed the vestigial remains of a tiled floor. A detailed report will be lodged with the NMRS. Sponsor: William W Graham (Contractors) Ltd.
M Cressey 1998

Canmore Blairadam Brickworks  – Kelty, Fife – Archaeological Notes  – Blairadam Brickworks was situated on the W side of Kelty, immediately W of the site of Blairadam Pit No.1.
The brickworks consisted of two kilns, one ten chamber round ended Hoffman continuous process and one Newcastle type. In addition, the works had three chimneys, one round and two square. Later, a second-round ended Hoffman kiln was added, this being shown on the later OS 25-inch maps.
The brickworks are depicted on the Revision edition OS 25-inch (Fifeshire, 1915) and subsequent editions (1938-1943).
The works were owned by the Fife Coal Company and operated between 1898 and 1947 when they were taken over by the National Coal Board. The works were subsequently taken over in 1969 by the Scottish Brick Company and closed by them in 1977. All buildings were removed by 1979 and the site landscaped. Blaes from the adjacent Blairadam Pit No.1 was used as raw material.

Source  – A later entry in the History of the Fife Coal Company states that, in 1902, Blairadam Colliery, with its brickworks and two pits were purchased by the Fife Coal Company. It possible, from this limited information, to suggest that perhaps the Blairadam pits reverted to the care of the Blairadam Coal Company (under James Terris) in either the late 1880s or early 1890s, until 1902.

In an article, written in December 1898, we find references to the Company and the coals worked: “… Operations are going on briskly at Blairadam Colliery. The Company made a very good start some years ago; but as fate would have it, they ran into a stretch of calcined coal with their Dunfermline Splint seam. Happily, the Company were plucky enough to cut through the burnt coal, and for some time they have had before them a considerable stretch of the very finest Dunfermline Splint coal. There is now not the slightest trace of calcined minerals in the faces; and during these prosperous times, the Company has been doing splendidly. The blaes which overlie the seams of coal make a capital fireclay and, in the hope that the utilisation of the blaes might prove a profitable concern for the Company, a Hoffman Kiln was recently erected in the vicinity of the pits and the work of brick-making commenced. The machinery is all of the most approved types, and the output is already as much as 10,000 bricks per day. Since the work of brick-making actually commenced, the demand has quite reached expectations, and the management contemplates the erection of two Newcastle kilns.  …

1853 – 1855 – ScotlandsPlaces – Blairadam Brick and Tile Works – Brick and Tile Works Consisting of a drying Store sheds kilns, a pug mill and a large clay field from which the material is taken for the manufacturing of the bricks and tiles. Proprietor heir of the late Sir Charles Adam of Blairadam. Andrew Douie Esqr, factor, Blairadam.

Below – 1854 – Blairadam Brick and Tile Works.

26/01/1854 – Fife Herald – Blair Adam Tile and Brick Work to be let on lease. Entry 1st April next year. For particulars apply to Andrew Douie, Factor of the Estate, with whom offers may be lodged on or before the 1st day of March  25/01/1854.

1886 – Fife Coal Co, brickmaker. Kelty Office – Charles Carlow, Manager. Head Office – Leven – James Gray Sec. (Note – SBH – This entry may relate to a different brickworks owned by the Fife Coal Company).

Below – 1894 – Blairadam Brickworks.

07/01/1903 – Edinburgh Evening News – Wanted Hoffman Kiln Burner, also panman. Apply Blairadam Brickwork.

Below – 1913 – Blairadam Brick and Tile Works.

1922 – The Fife Coal Company Limited owned the brickworks at Hill of Beath, Blairadam and Bowhill.

06/09/1934 – Dundee Courier – The Fife Coal Company displayed Fife manufactured bricks at an exhibition at British Industries House, Oxford Street, London. (Notes SBH – There is no reference to which exact brickworks were featured).

11/07/1936 – Dunfermline Press – A dispute at the Fife Coal Company’s Blairadam Brickworks over a question of wages culminated on Wednesday in the employees, numbering sixty in all, deciding on strike action. Although negotiations have been proceeding with a view to a settlement, no agreement had been reached late yesterday afternoon.

14/07/1936 – The Scotsman – Blairadam Brickworks employees resume – Work was resumed at Blairadam Brickworks, Kelty, yesterday, the employees—who had been on strike since Wednesday last over a dispute concerning wages—having agreed to accept conditions laid down by their employers, the Fife Coal Co. ( Ltd . ) The conditions are that the worker’s committee and the employers are to consider the bonus system with a view to arriving at a satisfactory system for the future and that if no agreement is reached by July 31 the question be submitted to the judgment of arbiters, to be nominated by the Sheriff-Principal of the County of Fife, whose decision will be binding on both parties; both parties to agree that for the future they will respect the 14 days contract, and explore all channels of conciliation before a stoppage takes place.

Pre 1941  – Several years ago an uncharted coal mine was discovered at Kelty in the vicinity of the present Blairadam Brickwork. It was found by workmen who were digging for clay for the brickwork at a depth of about 20 feet. They came across a narrow roadway about 3 feet broad and 3 feet high, along which it was quite apparent the coal was carried in the dark, the person carrying the coal being guided by a ledge of coal left for that purpose on the left-hand side, so that while he or she (probably he, if the coal was worked by the monks) carried the coal with his right hand and directed himself with his left. The shaft of that pit, if there was a vertical shaft, was never discovered. In all probability it was only an incline and emerged at the surface and, of course, was filled in during the course of time.

Below – 1944 – Blairadam Brick and Tile Work

Below – 1944 – 1969 – Blairadam Brickworks.

1947 1969 – The 1985 publication ‘A survey of Scottish brickmarks’ states the National Coal Board were owners.

17/01/1959 – Dunfermline Press – An “amenities block,” which is understood to be the first of its kind for brickwork operators in Scotland, was put into use at Blairadam Brickworks in November. The building contains separate shower baths; clean and dirty clothes lockers; dedusting equipment for working clothes and overalls; a fully equipped first-aid room; and separate mess rooms for male and female employees.

1961 – 1962 – A directory of British clay products and manufacturers – Blairadam Brickworks (Se  NCB Scottish Division, Central East and West area) – Common bricks. Trade name Blairadam.

1969 1977 – The 1985 publication ‘A survey of Scottish brickmarks’ states the Scottish Brick Corporation were owners.

07/12/1979 – Dunfermline Press – In the space of only a few seconds each, two of Kelty’s most outstanding landmarks – the tall chimneys of the former Blairadam Brickworks – were reduced to rubble on Monday, marking the start of a major transformation planned for the village.  The chimneys have stood in the centre of the village since the brickworks were built at the beginning of the century, and many of the villagers turned up to have one last look before the explosive charges were set off and the chimneys came crashing to the ground …

Alder Archaeology Ltd – a report which refers in detail to the state of the Blairadam brickworks in 2009.

Below – An undated photograph depicting the workers at the Blairadam Brickworks. Source a publication entitled ‘Old Fife’.



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