J & M Craig, Dean, Hillhead and Perceton Fire Clay Works, Kilmarnock and Longpark Pottery, Kilmarnock. (Note – SBH – I have created separate pages for Perceton, Dean, Hillhead and Longpark. Where information does not relate to a particular works, such as Craig family history, I have added it to the Perceton page.) Below –…
Some newspaper articles I find are difficult to marry up with a relevant brickworks. In such cases, I record them here until I can confirm their relevance.
Below – 09/08/1792 – Caledonian Mercury – Clay and sand to let at Prestonfield Meadows, Edinburgh.
22/05/1794 – Caledonian Mercury – Bricks – To be sold on the sea beach at St David’s Harbour, near Inverkeithing. About one hundred thousand bricks of excellent quality, fit for fruit walls, or any other sort of building. Apply by letter or otherwise to Alexander Christison at St David’s by Inverkeithing.
29/09/1796 – Caledonian Mercury – Bricks for sale – A considerable quantity of excellent bricks will be sold and shipped in the Great Canal, one English mile from Grangemouth or delivered in quantities of 10,000 and upwards at any place within the Forth of Clyde, on the most moderate terms. Apply to Mr Robert Allan, Sun Fire Office, Edinburgh; Mr John Hutton, Ropework, Leith; or Carron Shipping Company, Grangemouth. 27/09/1796.
13/09/1798 – Caledonian Mercury – Brick for sale at Stirling – About 0ne hundred and thirty or forty thousand new burnt bricks of the best quality, made by complete workmen from England will be sold to the highest bidders on Monday the 17th day of September current, at midday in one or more lots, on the field next to Craigs of Stirling – as also all necessary implements for a brickfield. For other particulars apply to Mr Hamilton of Inclosure or Alexander Littlejohn, a writer in Stirling. Not to be repeated.
24/12/1798 – Caledonian Mercury – Brick and Tyle ground to be let and all the utensils for making bricks to be sold. These two fields of fine clay and a barn ???? Craig’s of Stirling and close to the highway ???? number of years as can be fixed. ???? several thousand bricks on the ground of the ????? made last summer by hands from England which ??? may have to supply his customers till he makes ????. … ??? the proprietors Alexander Hamilton at Inclosure ???
13/07/1799 – Caledonian Mercury – Wanted – a person who understands the making and burning of tiles and who could take the entire charge of conducting that manufacture – also a brick manufactory. None need apply but those who can be well recommended for their ability and knowledge in the business as well as for their honesty, sobriety and attention.
1803 – Reference to the village of Brickfield near Portobello.
09/08/1810 – Caledonian Mercury – Lands in East Lothian to be sold – The lands of Glasscoats and Rentonhall lying in the Parish of Moreham and County of Haddington. These lands are situated within about 2 miles of the town of Haddington and consist of 106 acres, Scots measure … The lands contain both coal and lime, a very fine white freestone and an abundance of excellent brick clay; so that besides possessing great means of improvement within themselves. their vicinity to the town of Haddington and the constantly increasing demand for freestone and bricks there will form a valuable addition to the yearly return from the property … Apply to William Scott, Moncrieff, accountant …
27/06/1825 – Caledonian Mercury – To Builders, brickmakers, and others. To be sold … All and whole that park or inclosure of ground with the dwelling houses thereon, lately occupied by Mr Aird and situated on the south side of Duke Street (Glasgow) and opposite the new houses lately erected by Charles Mackintosh, 2 acres … Contains clay and sand of excellent quality, for making bricks and tiles and in sufficient quantity to maintain 3 tables for a number of years. It is therefore peculiarly worthy of the attention of brick and tile makers … 14/04/1825.
07/04/1830 – Aberdeen Press and Journal – Farms to let in the Parishes of Marnock and Fordyce, County of Banff on the sequestrated estate of John Dawson … The farm of Redhyth lies little more than a mile from the town of Portsoy … A brick and tile works might be erected on this farm to an advantage … (Note – SBH – I do not think a brick and tile works was ever started here)
Below – 27/09/1839 – Brickfield in Paisley occupied by Mr Brassey, Railway Contractor for let.
Below – 18/02/1841 – Caledonian Mercury – Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland run a competition for anyone to write a report on the most desirous way to produce land drainage tiles.
14/02/1844 – Aberdeen Press and Journal – Subscriptions and reference to Mr William Smith, Manager, Brick and Tile Works, Aberdeen.
17/01/1845 – Glasgow Herald – A field of clay to be let immediately adjoining Wellington Pottery, Gallowgate Street, particularly well adapted for brickmaking, with sufficient spread ground for one or two tables. The clay is of excellent quality and the field of easy access, being bounded on roads on all sides. For particulars apply to Mr Williamson on the ground or at Tontine Back Buildings. Glasgow 16/01/1845
19/04/1845 – The Scotsman – Reference to Alexander Forrester brick and tile manufacturer, Broxburn with regards the new Uphall and Bathgate Railway Company.
11/07/1845 – Glasgow Herald – Ayrshire – Estate of Rosemount for sale – lying in the Parish of Symington, halfway between the towns of Kilmarnock and Ayr and by the present Glasgow and Ayr Railway within 2 hours drive of Glasgow and 4 of Edinburgh … There is a going Tile Work on the property and the tiles always find a ready market in the neighbourhood.
01/12/1845 – Glasgow Herald – Brick and Tile Work to Let – Fitted up last year under great advantages being the nearest work to the Port of Greenock and all the towns on the coast, beside a local sale which was so great last year that it could not supply. There is a railway to be commenced next year which will confer great advantages besides requiring a large quantity of bricks; it has a shipping place of its own at the work. As a whole, a work, with so many advantages is seldom offered. Apply to Mr Alex Wilson jun at Messrs Thomas Waddell & Co, 49 Virginia Street, Glasgow.
Below – 22/07/1846 – Dumfries and Galloway Standard – Reference to the Kirkbean Quit club and Mr J Anderson, tile manufacturer, Langlee ( Could be Joseph Anderson from the Ryedale brick and tile works)
20/03/1848 – Glasgow Herald – Land for sale in New Monkland and property at Parkhead….. The lands of Bridgend belonging to Mr John Jack. The lands are of Inchnock and Gain and are called Bridgend … They extend to 20 acres and are about 8 miles east of Glasgow and are situated near to the Glenboig Station of the Caledonian Railway and are supposed to contain valuable minerals and fire clay …
31/03/1848 – Glasgow Herald – Sale of bricks – To be sold by public roup at the Pottery near Renfrew on Friday 7th day of April. 80,000 bricks of various kinds. To be put up in lots. Sale to commence at 12 o’clock. Renfrew 29/03/1848.
16/09/1848 – Perry’s Bankrupt Gazette – Under sequestration – Stewart and Mitchell, slaters and brick makers, Dundee.
Below – 17/09/1849 – Glasgow Herald – (Could this be an early Fire brickworks situated at Drumpark?)
17/09/1849 – Glasgow Herald – An article about Glasgow in olden times ……Glasgow Soapery, Candleriggs Street, Glasgow … I went through these works about 65 years ago … but what struck me most was a large pile of very fine fire bricks intended to be used in the constructing of the company’s furnaces … I enquired where the company got these bricks and was informed that they were imported from Holland. Now it is singular that Glasgow should at this period have obliged to resort to Holland for fire bricks when the city is surrounded on all sides with fire clay of the best quality and which at the above mentioned time might have been got for the trouble of carting away.
Below – 14/12/1849 – Glasgow Herald – Clayfield to let at Drumshanty, Kirkintilloch, Dumbartonshire.
02/02/1855 – Kelso Chronicle – To brick and tile makers – for sale, a double-ended tile brick machine with X Dies of different dimensions, all got up in the newest style and best system for making and jointing drain pipes and tiles and common and hollow bricks. The above machine is guaranteed to make 14,000 2 inch pipes, 15inch long, with four men in 10 hours also 8,000 bricks with two men and two boys in one day – all of the first-class quality. Apply to John Robson, Millwright, Kelso.
30/04/1855 – Glasgow Herald – A brickfield to let with all the utensils for brick making, barrows, planks, etc. There is from 300,000 to 400,000 of clay raised and fields made ready to commence at once to brick making with comparatively little expense. For particulars apply to William Blackie, McNeil Street, Camlachie.
21/05/1855 – Glasgow Herald – For sale – Claytons clay preparing and solid brick making machines adapted for horse, steam or water power and capable of producing from 1300 to 2000 bricks per hour. Original cost £120; offered for £80. also for sale a brick pressing machine ( Clayton’s Patent) worked by hand and capable of throwing 3000 bricks per diem. Original cost £17; offered for £14. Both machines are as good as new, possessing all the most recent improvements and parted with on account of the owner having given up brick making. Apply to Mr Alexander Pattison, Mossroad Station, Govan, Glasgow 14/05/1855
Below – 25/06/1855 – Glasgow Herald – Brickfield to the West of Partick to let. MacSkimming.
29/06/1855 – Glasgow Herald – Brickfield to let – A going brickfield in the West End. Clay of the very best quality. Tools, stock and erections may be had at a valuation. Apply by letter addressed B.H.B Herald
07/12/1855 – Glasgow Herald – At Lesmahagow on Tuesday 18th December. Extensive and important sale of colliery equipment, fire brickworks, 3 steam engines, pit pumps, rails, fire brick engine and mill, fire brick, kilns, etc by auction. Particulars in catalogue to be had from Hutchison & Dixon, auctioneers.
Below – 27/02/1856 – Glasgow Herald – Lands of Fauldshead, Renfrewshire for sale … They contain an extensive field of the best brick clay, which it is understood extends over 20 Acres, and lies generally very near the surface. It is partly wrought by the proprietor and there is a large demand for the bricks, both for local consumption and shipment at Renfrew …
14/05/1856 – Glasgow Herald – Wanted a partner who can advance £3000 to £4000 to join a respectable party in an extensive brick and pipe manufactory, both of fire and common clays, situated in the vicinity of Glasgow. The works are complete and capable of doing a first-class business with good returns. Principals only treated with. Address T.A.W., Herald Office.
12/12/1856 – Glasgow Herald – The whole coal, ironstone, fireclay, limestone and other minerals in the lands of Mossfield, New Mains, Muirparks and Porterfield, the property of the Community of the Burgh of Renfrew on lease for 21 years from Candlemas 1857. The land extends to about 400 acres partly bounded on the North West by the River Cart. They are intersected by the Paisley and Renfrew Turnpike Road and several Parish roads and are about a mile from the Harbour of Renfrew. The Paisley and Renfrew Railway passes through the lands of Porterfield.
02/01/1857 – Glasgow Herald – To let in East Hope Street, Camlachie upwards of an acre of clay ground for brick, first quality, 30 to 40 feet deep, easy entered within the Toll and conveniently situated for the Glasgow trade; also facility for working. Apply to Mr Walker, builder, Calton; Mr Brown, measurer, South Frederick Street or the proprietor A. Stewart.
16/01/1857 – Glasgow Herald – To brickmakers – For sale, a quantity of furnace goods, in good order and used for only about a year in a fire brick work and also a number of moulds and other material. Apply to Robert Sandilands and Sons, Lintfield Bank, Lesmahagow.
02/03/1857 – Glasgow Herald – To Brickmakers – Wanted by the 1st of March, an experienced brick and tile burner to whom liberal encouragement will be given. Apply to William Brown, Brick and Tile Works, Auchterarder. 30/0/1857
16/03/1857 – Glasgow Herald – To Brickmakers – Wanted a person qualified to burn common brick and take charge of a brickfield. A married man from the country preferred. None need apply but such as can be recommended for sobriety and honesty. To one properly qualified person, liberal encouragement will be given. Letters addressed “Brickmaker” Herald Office will be attended to. Glasgow 14/03/1857.
Below – 15/07/1857 – Glasgow Herald – Brickworks for sale at 232 Duke Street, Glasgow.
13/04/1858 – Greenock Advertiser – Brick for sale – To be sold on Thursday, 15th April by Public Sale at the Green adjoining Rutherglen Quay, 2 miles from Glasgow. Three kilns containing 200,000 new brick. They lie very convenient for carriage by the river and are consequently particularly suitable for parties intending to erect buildings in its vicinity or at the coast. Walker’s omnibus leaves the Cross at 2 o’clock. Sale to commence shortly after its arrival. Peter Burn & Co, Auctioneer. Glasgow 10/04/1858
20/07/1858 – Glasgow Morning Journal – Sales today – Bricks. Half-past one – Carntyne Brickfield – Hutchison & Dixon (Auctioneers)
1858 – 1859 – Alexander Murray – Agent for Ferguson Miller & Co Firebrick makers. (page 204).
Below – 08/08/1860 – Glasgow Herald – Plant, machinery and clay field for sale in the East End, Glasgow.
21/12/1860 – Glasgow Herald – To be let – Several very eligible sites for Public Works, such as malleable iron foundries, brick and pottery works etc, coal, iron, building stone, common and fire clay of excellent quality are produced and worked on the estate which is intersected by the Caledonian Railway and by which direct communications is had with the East, West, North and South districts of Scotland and with the North of England. For particulars apply to Mr Miller, Factor on the Wishaw Estate and Mr Robertson, civil and mining engineer, 116 St. Vincent Street, Glasgow. Wishaw 18/12/1860.
Below – 17/04/1861 – Brickworks near Aberdeen to let.
12/06/1862 – The Scotsman – Glasgow Agricultural Society Show – Alexander Murray, Glasgow exhibited a very good collection of fireclay pipes, troughs, mangers, vases, flower stands etc which were highly commended and a bronze medal awarded. (J & M Craig had an agent called Alexander Murray. One of the same? 1869 – J. & M. Craig Manufacturers of fire & enamelled bricks, sewerage pipes & all kinds of sanitary & plumbers’ earthenware; works, Hillhead & Perceton Fire Clay Works, & Longpark Pottery, Kilmarnock—Alexander Murray, 98 Commerce St. S S, agent)
29/07/1862 – The Scotsman – The Edinburgh Deport for common clay and fire clay goods, Bread Street and Spittal Street Edinburgh – stocking Italian glazed and unglazed double-barrelled sewage pipes.
10/01/1863 – Ayrshire Express – Brick and drain pipes of various sizes can now be had at moderate prices at Craigie No 1 Pit, Mainholm Road ( south of Kilmarnock) or at the depot, Head of Content Street. Craigie House Colliery. Ayr 24/12/1862.
14/01/1863 – Glasgow Herald – To let Whinstone Quarry of excellent quality and large extent. A field of brick and tile clay; also pit and machinery for raising fireclay which is of good quality about 4 foot thick and 4 miles distant from Glasgow close by the side of the canal.
14/01/1863 – Glasgow Herald – Brickfield to let. The Brickfield in Foundry Open, Gallowgate (Glasgow) within a mile of the Cross, as at present occupied by Mr Robert Barr. Apply to Mr McCasland, Gartcraig by Shettleston or to Mr Peter Shannon, builder, no 105 Stockwell Street.
10/08/1863 – Glasgow Herald – Rock and clay to let – The rock and clay on the lands of North Woodside, part of former being fine white rock and the latter suitable for brick making and pottery purposes. Particulars will be given and offers received by William Cowan, Accountant, 64 St Vincent Street, Glasgow.
07/10/1863 – Glasgow Herald – To brickmakers – for sale, several thousand tons of stuff suitable for making composition bricks of the very best quality. It lies convenient to the Union Canal and a regular supply of the same article can be supplied.
02/12/1863 – Glasgow Herald – To brickmakers – For sale on moderate terms, a large quantity of fire clay shale, suitable for making composition bricks with easy access to the Caledonian Railway. (19/10/1863 refers to blaise).
12/04/1865 – Bricks contractors – wanted contractors to make half a million bricks from clay already prepared. The Field may be thereafter let for a brick and tile work if desired for which the material and locality are well adapted. Particulars to be got at Westwood, West Calder.
Below – 17/04/1865 – To let several large and extensive waste hills in connection with a colliery …
Below – 17/10/1866 – Aberdeen Press and Journal – early use of cored or perforated brick – Cairnton Tunnel, Aberdeen.
04/09/1868 – Glasgow Evening Citizen – Brick and tile works to let – To be let in the immediate neighbourhood of Paisley, a brick and tile work. The clay in the lands is abundant and of first-rate quality. Apply to Mr Cameron, 13 Queen Street, Glasgow.
17/02/1869 – Glasgow Herald – For sale at valuation. First-class brick and tile work (30 years established) with stock, engine, machinery, plant etc. Nine years of lease to run. Situated about 200 yards from Bishopton Station and nearest Greenock of kind. A rare opening. Apply to Messrs Lang, 34 North Albion Street, Glasgow.
17/05/1873 – Hamilton Advertiser – Trade outrage – 3 brickmakers are in custody at Gorton on a charge of having been concerned in an infamous outrage at that place. On Saturday afternoon 40,000 bricks in the yard of a firm who only employ non-union men were trampled upon and spoiled.
23/08/1873 – Falkirk Herald – Pollution of Scotch Rivers – Basin of the Forth – Linlithgow. Evidence of Mr James Ross, Paraffin Oil Manufacturer, Falkirk, Stirlingshire. My works are situated on a small stream, a tributary of the River Carron … We produce nearly 5000 tons of spent shale, which is stored in heaps to be made into bricks as soon as practicable. …
24/04/1874 – Glasgow Herald – Bricks (Composition) of good quality and at a moderate price, at Clydesdale Ironworks, Holytown.
07/03/1879 – The Scotsman – Brickwork – To let on lease, brickwork near Edinburgh constructed to make 16,000 to 20,000 brick per day. The engines, grinding mills, drying sheds and kilns are of the best description and specially designed to save hand labour and to economise fuel. There is a large field of lay adjoining the work and railway siding and connections to the various parts thereof. The use of a locomotive can also be provided. For further particulars apply to ‘S’ care of Keith and Co, 65 George Street, Edinburgh.
14/03/1879 – Glasgow Herald – Brickfield to let at Springburn with an engine, pans and whole necessary machinery and plant in good working order.
08/04/1880 – Ayr advertiser – Members of the Free Assembly for Presbytery of Ayr – Elders … Mr Robert Hill, brick manufacturer, Dalmellington.
19/05/1880 – Glasgow Herald – Brickfield to let withing 2 miles of the Exchange. The field contains clay of excellent quality, and being bounded by good roads and having a railway siding, is most advantageously situated for the purpose. Immediate entry can be had. Apply to J.M and J.H Robertson, 44 West Regent Road, Glasgow.
21/07/1892 – Edinburgh Evening News – Brick maker wanted. Constant work for a steady man. W. Porteous & Coy, Glasgow.
18/09/1896 – Glasgow Herald – The valuable mineral and agricultural Estate of Cleland will be exposed to a public sale … The Estate is situated in the Parishes of Bothwell and Shotts … The mineral field which contains the well known Lanarkshire seams of coal, ironstone, shale and fireclay is – with the exception of a small area – at present let to several tenants. There are a number of fireclay heaps suitable for brick making. Bricks of good quality have already been manufactured from former heaps …
04/08/1899 – Glasgow Herald – Wanted – Salesman – active and steady, with some connection.Wanted for sale of fire clay bricks; Liberal encouragement to a first-rate man. Address with certificates …
11/09/1889 – Glasgow Herald – Fireclay and mineral field to let. Dalnair, adjoining Greenhill and Bonnybridge Stations intersected by the Caledonian and North British Railways and Forth and Clyde Canal, extending to about 70 acres. The field is in the Bonnybridge Fireclay and Ganister district.
26/04/1894 – Aberdeen Evening Express – A man has been swindling some Glasgow householders by delivering a brick neatly wrapped in paper, which he says has just come by railway and lifting the carriage money. The sum which he realises in this way ranges from 1s to 2s 9d.
24/12/1894 – Glasgow Herald – Fall of a factory at Lochwinnoch. Viewfield Chair Works. …started 12 years ago and devoted to making chairs……In August 1893 Mr Joseph Johnston, owner had the misfortune to have his premises destroyed by fire but within nine months the burnt building had been replaced by another structure, the greater part of which has now unfortunately fallen before the gale which has spread so much destruction throughout the country … the large new building was constructed of fireclay bricks laid double and joined to each with cement and lime …
1896 – 1897 – James Aitken, Brick maker and builder, 184 Hospital Street, Glasgow.
Below – 27/12/1899 – Glasgow Herald – Scottish fire brick exports 1899.
11/05/1900 – Glasgow Herald – Salesman – Young man to represent Brick Work: Salary or Salary and commission. State Terms
06/06/1900 – Glasgow Herald – For sale or to let – Brickwork for sale in East End of Glasgow within City boundary, in first-class order. Ralston double brick making machine, drying stove for 55,000 bricks, Hoffman 12 chamber kiln. Moderate Lordship. Might be let on lease to a suitable tenant. Apply to Cadell & Simmers, Chartered Accountants.
10/08/1900 – Glasgow Herald – Brickwork for sale. Sound profitable concern, turning over 4 million bricks last year. Improved machinery plant. Decided good opening. Apply D. Alexander, 82 West Nile Street.
14/04/1923 – Falkirk Herald – Problems re the state of the roads … A suggestion subsequently put forward by Dr Griffiths, however, was of more than ordinary interest, holding forth a prospect of a real and very desirable remedy being effected in the treatment of the roads themselves. His suggestion was that the committee might experiment in a small way with brick-paved roads, for which many attributes were claimed. Indeed, from all that was brought to light concerning this method of road treatment, brick surfacing would appear to provide the ‘perfect’’ road, above all lessening considerably the cost of maintenance. Whether or not the brick-surfaced road would justify all the claims made in its favour, it would seem at least to be worthy of the suggested trial. An improvement on present methods is unquestionably a thing to be much desired, and any opportunity of effecting that improvement should not be allowed to slip.
27/06/1923 – The Scotsman – Brickworks for sale – For sale as a going concern, modern brickwork, in close proximity to Glasgow, favourably situated for supplies of blaes, fuel, &c; railway siding into works; plant includes one Bradley & Craven machine, pan mill, &c: electrically driven battery of 11 improved Hoffmann kilns; all in first-class condition. Address “Brick” Wm. Porteous & Co., Advertising Agents, Glasgow.
10/05/1933 – The Scotsman – Clayfield – large area blue and other clay, tested out to make extra good red brick and tiles. Excellent opportunity for Company starting a brickworks, Edinburgh District.
12/01/1935 – Larne Times – Boy crushed to death – Nicholas Connell of High Bonnybridge, a 15-year-old boy, was crushed to death in a powerful clay crushing machine at a Stirlingshire brickworks. He was drawn in between two pinion wheels forming part of the machine and crushed before it could be stopped.
Below – 25/09/1937 – Falkirk Herald – Fire bricks substituted for opium. (Not a Scottish brick story but of interest).
Below – 22/02/1940 – The Scotsman – Scottish bricks for RAF buildings.
13/02/1948 – Dundee Courier – Hard liquor – Bricks substituted for Scotch Whisky and exported to Canada.
30/07/1955 – Fifeshire Advertiser – Record sale of bricks – Judging from the sales of Scottish bricks the building industry in Scotland seems to be working at full pressure. Sales during June reached the peak monthly figure of 78 million about 7 million more than the previous best month, Oct 1953. The production during June was 66 million. Although sales this summer have been much higher than last year – probably due to the better weather – there are still adequate stocks of bricks at brickworks.
04/01/1956 – Kirkintilloch Herald – Obituary – The funeral took place on Wednesday last, to Cadder Cemetery of Mr Andrew Craig who died on 26th December after a long illness at his home 85 Springfield Square, Bishopbriggs … educated at Cadder School he became an agriculturalist, a miner and when ponies were introduced underground at Lumloch Colliery over 60 years ago, he had the honour of driving the first one in that pit. Later in life, he entered the brick industry and from his practical experience made a study of brick burning, which enabled him to master many of the difficulties that confronted those in that trade. His advice and service were often requested in different parts of the county of Lanark when they had troubles to overcome … above average in ability and outlook, Andrew Craig was a man who lived the simple life and enjoyed simple tastes. When in a position of responsibility he never drove those under him but by his humane outlook in life radiated graciousness and lightened the life of all who worked with him and gained their respectful affection. His many friends will grieve at the passing of one who had a rare combination of qualities both vocational and personal.