Birdsfield Brick and Tile Works, Blantyre, South Lanarkshire

There were former clay pits in this material at the old Birdsfield Tileworks (Half a mile west of Greenfield), near Stonefield, and to the west of Caldergrove. Source

The Birdsfield Brick and Tile Works (also known later as Birdsfield Tileworks and later again as Birdsfield Wagon Works), were once located where the former Alex Inglis Factory is, beside the EK Expressway.

1858 – 1861 – ScotlandsPlaces – Birdsfield -Valuation roll J. Craig Prop. (Proprietor) & Occupier Meiklham’s map.  A good farm steading. There is a brick & tile works on the opposite side of the T. P. (Turnpike) Road.

Brick & tile works.  J. Craig Pr. (Proprietor) Mr Wilson, Manager. A field of clay suitable for making building bricks & drain tiles. There is a drying shed, kiln & dwelling house in the works.

Below – 1859 – Birdsfield Brick and Tile Works, Blantyre.


Below – 07/07/1860 – Scottish Banner – Scotch Bankrupts – William Wilson, Brick and tile maker, Stonefield.


03/08/1860 – The Glasgow Herald – Sheriff Court Hamilton. Bankruptcy examination. Sequestration of William Wilson, Brick and Tile Maker, Birdsfield, Blantyre. (Similar article 03/08/1860 – Glasgow Daily Herald)

(The following is a synopsis of the hearing)  “I (William Wilson ) never had a bank account. My personal expenditure was always very moderate and I was never guilty of any extravagance. I attribute my insolvency to certain legal proceedings adopted by the trustees of the late James Craig of Birdsfield against me, for they summoned on me last June, the sum of £99 2s and 8d, which they alleged I was due to the deceased and served arrestments on me in the dependence of Archibald Craig.”

William continued at his bankruptcy hearing …“As a consequence of these arrestments, I was unable to pay my men and the work stopped. I won’t be owing the sum of £99  s2 and 8d and the action will not be called in court. I had a 2 storey dwelling house and 20 falls of land attached at Blantyre. I commenced to build the said house in November 1858 and it was completed in August 1859. The late Mr Craig, lent me money to carry on said building in December 1858 and I granted him a bond over the property for £280 over said subjects. Mr Craig advanced me various sums of money down till 2nd May 1859 and amounting together with previous sums came to £237, 12s, 1d.”

In January 1860, Mr John Craig of Udston (one of the trustees of James Craig) came looking for another bond to be signed, which William initially did not sign, on account of being ill. Eventually, after another calling he signed another bond. William then repeatedly asked for Mr Craig’s trustees to pay the sums promised, in order he could continue working, but the money was not forthcoming.

William said, “Their failure to implement the same caused me great loss and inconvenience for which I consider, that I or the trustees on my estate have a good claim against them. I kept a correct note of all money the late James Craig paid to me.”

Already from this story, we can see the circumstances of ill health, perhaps affecting the tile works output, change of contracts types and the period of confusion arising after James Craig’s death was leading to a downfall of this business. It’s clear also from the reports that the relationship between William Wilson and the trustees of James was not a good one.

In May 1860, the trustees called for William Watson and offered to take his house and businesses from him for the sum of £460 which was to include interest, the bond monies and was to be payable to the trustees. William refused on the basis that he considered his brand new house alone to be worth at least £500, never mind the bonds or business. However pressed, and under stress, William relented in May 1860 and the property became owned by the trustees of James Craig. This opened the flood gates to Watson’s other creditors, seeking their expenses and bills before all money was gone. The amount of assets declared remaining was in the region of £59, of which £13 or so belonged to Watson’s partner, William Stewart, that partnership only lasting 3 months. It was discovered that all assets had previously been given to William Stewart, most likely to stop the trustees from claiming anything else.

1878 – 1879 – J & R Cochrane, Birdsfield Brickworks, High Blantyre. P.99.

1882 – W & J Cochran, brick and tile manufacturers, Birdsfield, Blantyre.

21/03/1885 – Hamilton Advertiser – Bricklayers wanted. Apply W & J Cochran, Birdsfield Tileworks, .

1886 – W & J Cochran, brick and tile manufacturers, Birdsfield, Blantyre.

12/06/1891 – Hamilton Herald – Adam Arnot (25), residing at 19 Greenfield Road, Burnbank had several fingers of his right hand amputated during the week in consequence of an accident he met with on Saturday at the brickworks of Messrs Cochran on the High Blantyre Road. While attempting to pick up a stone from between the rollers of the clay mill his hand was caught and so injured as to render amputation of the fingers necessary.

May 1892 – Invoices – W & J Cochran, brick builders and contractors, Birdsfield, Blantyre. Manufacturers of agricultural drain pipes, bricks, roofing tiles, flower pots &c.

Dec 1892 – Invoices – W & J Cochran, brick builders and contractors, Birdsfield, Blantyre. Manufacturers of agricultural drain pipes, bricks, roofing tiles, flower pots &c. However the ‘W’ of ‘W & J” has been lined out. Did W Cochran die or was the partnership otherwise dissolved?

18951896 – Invoices – J F Cochran, brick builder and contractor, Birdsfield, Blantyre. Manufacturers of agricultural drain pipes, bricks, roofing tiles, flower pots &c.

Below – 1897  – Birdsfield Tileworks (They appear to have stopped making bricks and concentrated on making tiles).

1897 Birdsfield Tile Works

18/02/1897 – Glasgow Herald – Brick and Tile Work to let. Birdsfield Brick & Tile Works situated near to High Blantyre on the Hamilton Road, presently occupied by Messrs Cochrane. There is a railway siding into the works. The plant and machinery may be acquired from the present tenants at a valuation if desired. Offers will be received up to 1st March next.

09/04/1897 – Glasgow Herald – Sale of tilework plant at Birdsfield Tileworks, Blantyre on Thursday 15th April, 1897 at one o’clock. Particulars afterwards. Shirlaw.Allan & Co, auctioners, Hamilton 02/04/1897.


Below – A fantastic article on the Birdsfield Brickworks by Paul Veverka and his Blantyre Project

Craig and Wilson  – It is unknown when the kilns were first constructed at Birdsfield, but it is known that they existed in the 1840s. A Mr William Wilson came to Blantyre in 1846 and was initially employed and living at Birdsfield Tile Works on behalf of proprietor Mr Craig. Mr Wilson was a labourer engaged in draining the field. In 1855, he had worked his way to become the tile maker and moved to the site as Mr Craig’s manager. When Mr Wilson entered into these contracts, he initially had no capital and James Craig paid him every fortnight. Mr Craig would reconcile the wages every year and it was noted that in 1858, he still owned Mr Wilson a sum of £40.

In March 1859, Mr Wilson entered into a more modern relationship with James Craig by renting both the Stonefield Brickworks and Birdsfield Brickworks for the fixed rental sum of £120 per year. (About £30k per year in today’s money)

The area in the early 19th Century is shown on maps as being swampy, a good indicator that the ground was laden in clay. The 1859 map shows the brickworks clearly and it is known from the 1859 Valuation rolls that it was owned by James Craig of nearby Birdsfield, who also at that time owned Stonefield Brickworks.

Mr Wilson was still the manager for Mr Craig at Birdsfield in 1859. The roll describes, “A field of clay suitable for making building bricks & drain Tiles. There is a drying shed, Kiln & dwelling house in the Works” (likely the house of Mr Wilson.)

Mr Craig was also the farmer at Birdsfield Farm, however, died shortly after in June 1859. Mr Wilson continued to work the business and took a new contract from Archibald Craig, James’s successor in February 1860. This was on the idea of Archibald Craig, who saw Wilson creating his own opportunity and wished to return the brickworks back to being a profiting business for the Craig family. The new contract was one which let Wilson get paid on every 1000 tiles he put out, rather than a rental sum. Wilson went into partnership with William Stewart that February and together they ran Birdsfield Tileworks, as contractors.

William Wilson kept the cash book, accounts and sales books. It was said in 1860 that Birdsfield wasn’t paying its way for William Watson and that by then he was concentrating on the more successful venture at Stonefield Brickworks. From March until September he and Mr Stewart made a profit of around £80.

Bricks and tiles would have been in great demand at this time, providing vital local building materials for Blantyre’s population which was beginning to grow fast.

However, things were about to go wrong for William Watson. By August 1860, he found himself bankrupt.

J.R Cochrane – By 1878, Naismith’s directory of that year confirms Mr J.R Cochrane of Calderglen was the owner of Birdsfield Brick & Tile Works, taking over from J. Craig.

J.R Cochrane had arrived in Blantyre between 1872 and 1876 and was 49 years old at the time of taking over ownership of Birdsfield Brickworks in 1876. During Cochrane’s ownership before 1897, a railway line was built adjacent to the brickworks. It is known in 1882 Cochrane’s business was called “W & J Cochrane, brick tile manufacturers”, indicating a partnership with a family member.

In 1897, Cochrane put the tileworks up for lease.

By 1898, the quarried field from where the clay was coming from, had a large hole, which due to the nearby stream, had filled with water.

Cochrane owned and leased out the brickworks until his death in 1921 at the ripe old age of 94. The map of 1898 shows Birdsfield Tileworks, but by then has dropped the “Brick” suggesting that the source of clay on the land had become expired, something confirmed by the demolition of the configuration of the 1859 kilns. Shortly after the name Wagon Works was used for this site, for in 1913, a newspaper reported, “The body of a man was found in a burn near the waggon works in the High Blantyre district. Subsequently, the body was identified as that of John Crichton, labourer, who was an inmate of Birdsfield Model Lodging – House, Hamilton. He was about 45 years of age. “

Following Cochrane’s death, the buildings became derelict and were unused, the 1936 map confirming they had been all demolished by that time, the map showing nothing but an empty, marshy field.

20th-century ownership.

The next owners were the early branch of founders Alexander Inglis. Formed in 1935, it is stated that Messrs Alexander Inglis took over the business “The Birdsfield Wagon Works”. They were located on High Blantyre Road, directly opposite the Blantyre Industrial Estate (built 1946), on the former brickworks site. They built a small factory which is still standing today.

When the adjacent passenger railway line to Glasgow from Hamilton and Burnbank via Bothwell closed in September 1952, it was announced that a branch of that line would continue to be used solely to serve Birdsfield Wagon Works, which it did until 15th May 1968.

The company has continued to evolve over the years to become Scotland’s leading municipal and specialist vehicle equipment repair centre, heavy haulage, car transporters and all types of specialised vehicles covering suspension, chassis, bodywork and hydraulics. However, the Blantyre factory did recently close down in 2014, with operations moving to Bellshill.

As of now, the site is currently unused, the buildings empty. It is located at the side of the sliproad at Auchinraith Roundabout.



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