Linthill Tile Works, Eyemouth, Berwickshire, Scottish Borders

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Linthill Tile Works, Eyemouth, Berwickshire Scottish Borders.

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Below – Graham Dolan has kindly forwarded the photo of a brick situated in the exterior wall of Ayton Community Hall. He states ” The local community hall here was refurbished a few years ago.

It was built with local bricks from Linthill brickworks which was near Eyemouth, probably  in the 1870s or thereabouts.

We aren’t sure of the dates. Interestingly we found a brick with a hand written name: Robert Cockburn, Lint Hill, Eyemouth”

( see the 1891 census further down the page)

Village hall in Ayton made from Linthill brick robert cockburn

With regards to the above I do believe the brick is inscribed Robert Cockburn, Linthill Tile Works, Eyemouth ( the tile works theory takes a little creative interpretation and may well be wrong !)

Below  – 30/05/1829 – Newcastle Courant – John Cockburn ( 15) Linthill, Eyemouth dies at Fishwick after a cart accident.(possibly related to Robert Cockburn above?)

john-cockburn-linthill-eyemouth-accident

Below – 27/05/1847 – Stirling Observer – Eligible investment – Clay fields at Linthill, Eyemouth

TO TILE AND BRICK MANUFACTURERS. ELIGIBLE INVESTMENT TO BE LET, a STRATUM of CLAY, situated on the Farm of Linthill, in the parish of Eyemouth and Shire of Berwick, reported on as well adapted for the manufacture of Bricks and Tiles. Pits have been sunk, which show that the Clay is at least six acres in superficial extent, and about thirteen feet thick. Below the Clay, there is a stratum of sand about two feet thick ; below the sand, there is water bearing Gravel. It is calculated that thirty-five millions of Drain-Tiles, of different sizes, may be made from the Clay already proved. The distance of the nearest Brick and Tile Work is seven or eight miles, and of the next nearest thirteen or fourteen miles.  These are the only two Tile-Works in the eastern half of Berwickshire.  To the north, no Work exists within thirty miles. The bed of Clay is about 3000 yards from a turnpike road, which leads on one hand to the seaport of Eyemouth (distant about a mile), and on the other hand to Ayton, Press, Coldingham, Muir, and other properties, on which drainage is likely to be soon commenced. From the high prices of Tiles in Berwickshire, and the increasing demand, it is the opinion of competent judges that a Tile-Work in this district after deducting 7 1/2 per cent, on the capital invested, and allowances for tear and wear, and for rent, would yield to the Lessee a very handsome profit. As no Pipe Tiles are made in Berwickshire (except partially in one work), there is a good opening for that species of manufacture. Any party desirous to obtaining a Lease of this Bed of Clay, may communicate to DAVID MILNE, Esq., No 10, York Place, Edinburgh, the terms on which he would take it, and may see in his hands the Reports by Professor Johnston, and Mr Livingston, tile-manufacturer, Portobello, on the quality
of the Clay. Offers must be lodged on or before the 10th June. Mr DELGATY, the tenant of Linthill, will show the spot (Not to be Repeated.) Edinburgh 13th May, 1847.

1847-linthill-clay-pit-for-let

1848 – Plan of Linthill Tile Works. Held by National Records of Scotland.

1856 – 1858 – Linthill Tile Works – A small brick and tile works on the farm of Linthill, with small cottage and garden attache. It is the property of D.M Home esq, Milngraden.

11/02/1859 – Kelso Chronicle – Sudden death – As one of the workmen engaged in making tiles at Linthill Brick and Tile Works on Monday 31st inst, he complained of being unwell and immediately after he expired. No cause is assigned for his sudden decease. He has left a wife and family to deplore his loss.

23/06/1866 – Glasgow Herald – Brick and tile work to let on Billie Estate. The brick and tile work of Linthill situated in the parish of Eyemouth and County of Berwick, presently occupied by Mr Thomas Armitage. Linthill is within 3 miles of the Ayton and Burnmouth Stations of the N.B Railway and there is a good demand in the district both for bricks and tiles. Further particulars may be learned on application to James Bowhill, writer, Ayton in whose hands a draft of the proposed lease may be seen and with whom offers may be lodged until Thursday the 5th of July next. The Barony Officer at Eyemouth will point out the premises. Ayton 13/06/1866

20/12/1866 – Southern Reporter – Marriages – At Westbarns, Dunbar on 13th Inst, by the Rev D. McCorquodale, Belhaven, Mr Thomas Couper, engineer, Dundee to Isabella Agnes Coltman only daughter of the late James Hillcoat, brick and tile maker, Linthill, Berwickshire

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Below – 1871 – Scotland Census – although  the link below refers to the Pertue family, this appears to be a translation error and the family are called Virtue

Name: William Pertue
Age: 34
Estimated birth year: abt 1837
Relationship: Head
Spouse’s name : Ann Pertue
Mother’s name: Margaret Pertue
Gender: Male
Where born: Coldingham, Berwick
Registration Number: 739
Registration district: Eyemouth
Civil Parish: Eyemouth
County: Berwickshire
Address: Linthill Farm Cottage Brickworks
Occupation: Brick & Tile Maker Employing 4 Men & One Boys
ED: 1
Household schedule number: 172
LINE: 6
Roll: CSSCT1871_175
Household Members:
Name Age
William Pertue 34
Ann Pertue 35
Ann Pertue 5
Margaret Pertue 4
Elizabeth H Pertue 2
Christina Pertue 10 M
Margaret Pertue 61

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11/04/1876 – Berwickshire News and General Advertiser – County of Berwickshire – Billie Estate – To be let.

Linthill brick and tile works in the parish of Eyemouth with the dwelling houses, sheds, kiln and other buildings and erections, all as presently possessed by Thomas Armatage with entry to the same at Martinmas 1876.

Below – 24/10/1876 – Berwickshire News and General Advertiser – Linthill Brick and Tile Works, Eyemouth roup or auction

linthill-brick-and-tile-works-auction-1876

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Below – 1891 –  Scotland Census

Name: Robert Cockburn
Age: 13
Estimated birth year: abt 1878
Relationship: Son
Father’s name: William Cockburn
Mother’s name: Agnes Cockburn
Gender: Male
Where born: Coldingham, Berwickshire
Registration Number: 739
Registration district: Eyemouth
Civil Parish: Eyemouth
County: Berwickshire
Address: Linthill Tileworks
Occupation: Unemployed
ED: 1
Household schedule number: 234
LINE: 3
Roll: CSSCT1891_377
Household Members:
Name Age
William Cockburn 40
Agnes Cockburn 45
Robert Cockburn 13
William Cockburn 4

 

04/01/1904 – Berwickshire News and General Advertiser  dated 12/01/1904 – Thomas Armatage, Butcher, Eyemouth died at the age of 67. ( Is this the same Thomas Armatage who owned the Linthill brick and tile works in 1876?)

Below – 1856 – Linthill Tile works, Eyemouth

linthill-tile-works-eyemouth

Below – 1856  – Linthill Tile works, Eyemouth.

 

Below – 1898 – Linthill Tile works, Eyemouth. – Disused.

1898-linthill-tile-works-eyemouth

Below – 1906 – Linthill Tile works, Eyemouth. – Disused.

1906-linthill-tileworks-eyemouth-disused

In October 2016, I visited the Ayton Community Hall  and took the following photos of fingerprints and boot marks which have been imprinted on the bricks while they dried on the ground after being moulded and prior to being fired in the kiln.

Village hall in Ayton made from Linthill brick fingerprints

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Village hall in Ayton made from Linthill brick boot print

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Village hall in Ayton made from Linthill brick boot print

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Village hall in Ayton made from Linthill brick boot print

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Village hall in Ayton made from Linthill brick boot print

The photo below is a worn brick in the Community Hall wall and confirms the bricks were cored or holed .

Village hall in Ayton made from Linthill brick

Below  – the Community Hall depicting the side which has the inscribed brick and the brick with the fingerprints ( all 4 boot printed bricks are on the other side wall)

Village hall in Ayton made from Linthill brick

Below – The neighbouring building appears also to be built with the same Linthill brick. This was the local bakers originally and was also at one time owned by the Armatage family who also owned the Linthill brick and tile works at one period in time. The walls appear to be double skinned bricks and every 5th course the bricks are turned 90 degrees so the header faces out and bonds the wall together.

Bakers in Ayton made from Linthill brick

The current owners of the bakery had recently knocked down part of an adjoining building which was also built from the same brick as the bake house and therefore presumably Linthill bricks. They kindly donated the following 3 bricks which I believe were manufactured at the Linthill brick and tile works ( photos to appear later).

The following photos are of the Eyemouth Viaduct.

Canmore

This viaduct was originally opened on 13 April 1891 to carry the privately-promoted Eyemouth Railway across the Eye Water into Eyemouth. Severe flooding in August 1948 caused grave damage to the structure, including severe foundation-scouring and the collapse of the central pier. New concrete foundations were laid and new cutwaters added as part of the reconstruction before the line was re-opened on 29 June 1949. The line closed to traffic on 5 February 1962.

It is believed the original piers were made from Linthill brick. Certainly they have the exact same appearance as those used to build the Ayton Village Hall. The bricks used to construct the viaduct were also the holed or cored variety but for added strength every 2nd course was used to bond the course below by laying them with the headers facing outwards.

Below – the photo on the right shows the pier that was rebuilt after the flood damage to the fore.

eyemouth viaduct in Ayton made from Linthill brick  . eyemouth viaduct in Ayton made from Linthill brick

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eyemouth viaduct in Ayton made from Linthill brick

Below

Below – the steel pilings as depicted on the photo above were manufactured by the Cargo Fleet Ironworks Middlesborough – Graces Guide

I believe the BSP stands for British Steel Piling Co Ltd  – Graces guide

Eyemouth viaduct Cargo Fleet England BSP Larssen No 3

Larssen appears to be a form of steel piling made by the South Durham Steel and Iron Company which was affiliated to the Cargo Fleet Iron Works.  – Graces guide

 

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