Found by Ian Suddaby in East Lothian. This example is not in my possession. James Dougall & Sons Ltd, Bonnybridge, Stirlingshire. Alternative brickworks include: Bonnyside Brickworks, Bonnybridge, Stirlingshire. .
Bonnyside Brickworks or Fire Clay Works, Bonnybridge, Stirlingshire.
James Dougall & Sons Ltd, Bonnybridge, Stirlingshire
Alternative brickworks include:
- Bonnyside Brickworks, Bonnybridge, Stirlingshire
Aludo – due to the harder driving of many types of furnaces under modern operating conditions there is an increasing demand for a refractory of better quality than a first grade 42% alumina firebrick. This demand is being successfully met in a very wide variety of conditions by the Aludo 6 refractories which contain 60% alumina and have improved properties as compared with a first-grade firebrick with regards
– higher spalling resistance
– greater volume stability
– better resistance to slag attack
– increased resistance to temperature and load
– improved resistance to abrasion at high temperatures
It is recommended that Dougalene B15 is used for jointing or surfacing of Aludo 6 refractories.
JD – Semi Silica – is manufactured from the well known Bonnybridge ganister which is obtained from the Company’s own mines. Although less refractory than other firebricks produced by the Company, JD has greater volume stability than the ordinary type of firebrick under heavy loads provided the temperature is not excessive. It also has the advantage for some purposes of a slightly higher thermal conductivity. JD is not normally recommended for use at working temperatures in excess of 1400c. Contains 78 – 80% silica.
Dougall or Dougall A – Their qualities are in the range of firebricks containing 35 – 40% alumina.
Docken and Aludo 4 – are in the range of high alumina firebricks containing between 40 – 44% alumina.
Sicardo – 95+% silica carbide – this firebrick will only have a very low percentage of additives. Special shapes are made from this. Sillimanite is also produced.
Silicon Carbide does not occur naturally but is a synthetic material with a formula SiC. It is also made by mixing in an electric furnace, sand, coke, salt and sawdust. SiC does not melt but dissociates at a temperature of over 2200c. The refractory product may have a lower softening temperature dependant upon the additives used.
28/03/1845 – Glasgow Herald – Clay to be let for such a number of years as may be agreed upon with immediate entry. A large field of fine clay on the property of Bonnyside, well adapted for making bricks and tyles. It lies nearly adjoining the great canal at Bonnybridge and also close to the line of the Central as well as the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway. Besides the ordinary sale of the district, there will be an extensive sale for several years for bricking for the tunnels on the various new lines of the railway at present in progress. The clay is of very considerable depth and proved at Mr Cairns’ Brickfield to be of very superior quality and particularly well adapted for manufacturing both bricks and tyles. The easy access to the canal and railways is also very advantageous. Further particulars on application to H. Salmon the proprietor, Falkirk. 24/03/1845.
1884 – George and Robert Dougall started the Bonnyside Works in 1884
22/05/1886 – Falkirk – The Edinburgh International Exhibition – James Dougall & Sons, Bonnymuir Fire Brick Works, Bonnybridge. Court 2 – among the ‘Pottery glass and kindred industries’ occupy stand 60, where they show fire clay, gannister bricks for steel and iron furnaces, special stoppers, nozzles of pipes for steel furnaces, fire clay blocks, grate and stove backs etc. (Note SBH – I think this should refer to Bonnyside, not Bonnymuir – to clarify).
1893 – 1893 – Bonnyside Brick and Tile Works, Bonnybridge. James Dougall & Sons.
1899 – 1900 – James Dougall & Sons Ltd – Bonnyside Brickworks, Bonnybridge. Sole agents Wright & Stewart 59 St Vincent Street, Glasgow. ( Should McDougall actually read Dougall?)
21/01/1899 – Falkirk Herald -… All the brickworks to the east and the west of our district have been kept very busy, and the prospect at present, with the numerous new works buildings going up, are quite as good they were a year ago. Messrs James Dougal(l) and Son (Limited), fire-clay brick manufacturers, Bonnybridge have put in new boilers and mills, and extra stove accommodation, during the past year, and have been very busy …
1903 – Dougall James & Sons Limited, Bonnyside Fire Clay Works, Bonnyside R.S.O. Stirlingshire; T A ” Ganister.”
Below – 1903 – Advert – Dougall James & Sons Limited, Bonnyside Fire Clay Works, Bonnyside.
1907 – Same advert as for 1903.
Below – 1911 – advert – James Dougall & Sons.
29/07/1911 – Falkirk Herald – John Porteous, Labourer was sentenced to 40 days imprisonment after stealing a silver pocket watch from a jacket hanging in the workmen’s shed at Bonnyside Brick Works, High Bonnybridge.
29/07/1911 – Falkirk Herald – Notwithstanding the heavy rains the past week, the fire which broke out a fortnight ago in a field on Bonnyside estate still in a smouldering condition. The field affected is the property of Messrs James Dougall and Sons. Ltd., Bonnyside Fire Brickworks, and not the Bonnybridge Silica and Fireclay Company, as erroneously stated last week’s issue.
Below – 02/07/1912 – The Scotsman – The Bonnybridge brickworkers strike.
Below – 06/07/1912 – Airdrie and Coatbridge Advertiser – Strike riot at Messrs James Dougalls, Bonnybridge. Edward Martin Stewart, Managing Director assaulted.
21/02/1914 – James Dougall & Sons Limited, Brick manufacturers, Bonnybridge – for sale 200 ordinary shares of £1 each and 100 5 1/2%. Cum pref shares of £1 each; fully paid – Marshall and Hunter Solicitors, Falkirk.
11/09/1931 – The Scotsman – Brickworks manager killed on the railway – The body of a middle-aged man found lying on the railway line near Camelon junction, was identified yesterday as that of Thomas Love Bernard, Bonnyside House, Bonnybridge. The deceased, who was the manager of Dougall’s Brickworks, High Bonnybridge was returning home along the line when, it is surmised, he was overtaken and run down by a goods train before he could get out of the way.
07/10/1933 – Falkirk Herald – Fireman injured – In the course of his employment at the High Bonnybridge Works of Messrs Dougall & Sons, brickwork fireman named James Hutcheson residing at Cowden View, Bonnybridge was on Monday last severely burned on the eyes. The accident occurred while Hutcheson was engaged in firing a steam boiler and injury is such that it is feared he will lose the sight of an eye.
08/06/1935 – Falkirk Herald – The employees of Messrs James Dougall & Sons, Ltd., met in a social capacity in the Welfare Hall, High Bonnybridge, on Friday evening of last week, to do honour to Mr Duncan Ferguson, works foreman, who has retired after having served the firm for 21 years. ln his opening remarks, Mr John M Phail, manager, who presided, expressed his gratification that such a large number had attended, and hoped that the evening would prove an enjoyable one for all. He also intimated an apology from Mr Boyd C, Mitchell, managing director, who was prevented from being present by his father’s indisposition. A splendid tea was then served by a voluntary party of interested ladies, whose service and arrangements were deserving of the highest praise. After tea, the chairman, at the close of a felicitous speech, and on behalf of the firm and employees, asked Mr Ferguson to accept a wallet of treasury notes, as a token of their profound esteem, and as an earnest of their good wishes for a long and happy retirement. The gift, he said, was also a mark of appreciation of the faithful service he had given to the firm. For a long time, his wide experience and expert knowledge of the routine would be missed in the works, as Mr Ferguson himself would be missed by all. On accepting the gift the recipient’s son, Mr W. R. Ferguson said he was touched by the kindly feelings which prompted it. It gave him the greatest pleasure to know that his father had been held in such deep regard by those with whom he had worked. On his father’s behalf, he thanked them all most heartily, not only for the valuable gift but also for the spirit of sincere friendship that had led to the presentation. The remainder of the evening was happily spent, songs being rendered by the Misses Gavin, Cullen, and Stocks, and Messrs J. McDonald, J. Nolan, and J. Martin. After the customary votes of thanks had been accorded to Mr McPhail to the ladies who had served the tea, and to Messrs Coyne and Mills, who had carried through the arrangements, the whole company joined in singing “Auld Lang Syne.”
1938 – List of mines in Scotland – Jas. Dougal & Sons Ltd., Bonnyside Firebrick Works, Bonnybridge. John McPhail manager. Thomas Boak, under manager. 48 employed underground and 34 employed above ground.
Below – 08/01/1938 – Falkirk Herald – James Dougall and Sons social outing.
Below – 01/11/1941 – Falkirk Herald – Disgruntled employee damages bricks in the gas kiln buildings (Note – SBH – Gaskil is a stamp I have seen on several Dougall bricks and I suspect it represents an abbreviation of Gas Kiln and thus where and how they were fired)
Below – 1944 – 1967 – Bonnyside Works.
1947 – James Dougall and Sons took over the Whiterigg Fireclay Mine, East Whitburn. They sold 50% to the Douglas Fireclay Company.
c. 1953 – James Dougall bought out the 50 % share of the Whiterigg Fireclay Mine, East Whitburn as owned by the Douglas Firebrick Company. The clay from the Whiterigg clay mine had a low iron content and was used in the manufacture of saggars.
15/05/1953 – The British Clayworker – New Acquisitions by Ceramic Holdings Ceramic Holdings Ltd., as from March 31st, 1953, have acquired 98.2 per cent. of the issued share capital of James Dougall & Sons Ltd., Firebrick Manufacturers, Bonnybridge, and the whole of the issued share capital of the Diamond Clay Co Ltd., Stoke-on-Trent, who are specialists in the manufacture of refractories for the Pottery Industry. The two companies will continue to trade independently under their present Board of Directors and it is intended later to apply for a Stock Exchange quotation for the shares of the new holding company. The Directors of the Ceramic Holdings Ltd. are Mr W. Boyd Mitchell, M.B.E., Chairman and Managing Director of James Dougall & Sons Ltd, and Chairman of the Diamond Clay Co. ltd.; Mr Alan D. Cuthbert, Shipowner; Mr G. N. Hodson, M.B.E., Chemical Stoneware Manufacturer; Mr Donald. L. Platt, Floor Tile Manufacturer; Sir A. Murray Stephen, M.C., Ship-builder; Mr C. R. F. There fall, M. C., Firebrick Manufacturer. The Board of Directors includes in Mr Threfall, Mr Hudson and Mr Mitchell three Past Presidents of the British Ceramic Society showing that the Board as a whole, in addition to industry experience, are conversant with an unusually wide range of products in the ceramic industry itself. Source –
28/01/1955 – The Glasgow Herald – Refractories Placing – Ceramic Holdings Ltd., capitalised at 250,000 in ordinary shares of 10’s each, of which there are in Issue or to be issued fully paid 400,000 shares, are applying to the London and Glasgow stock exchanges for permission to deal and for a quotation for the whole of the issued Ordinary shares. The company have no debenture stock, mortgages, or loan capital outstanding. Incorporated in February 1953, the company acquired the issued share capital of the subsidiaries, James Dougall and Sons, Ltd., formed in 1907, and the Diamond Clay Company, Ltd., formed in 1933, as at March 31, 1953. James Dougall and Sons own Works at Bonnybridge, Stirlingshire, and manufacture heat-resisting firebricks and other refractories for use in iron and steelworks and coke oven plants, and for other similar purposes. The Diamond Clay Company own works at Hartshill, Stoke-on-Trent, and manufacture specialised refractories for the pottery industry, so that the two businesses are to some extent complementary. To effect certain improvements to the Dougall works, the company have issued 52,000 Ordinary shares Of 10’s each at 10’s 7 1/2d per share. All the works are fully employed An interim dividend of 5 per cent. (Previous year 3 per cent.) was paid on January 14 last, and on the assumption that the profits for the current year will be approximately those for the year ended March 31, 1954 – namely. £73,450 – it is intended to recommend a final dividend of 5 per cent., payable towards the end of July. It is expected that full particulars will be advertised on Monday and that dealings will begin on Thursday. February 3. Brokers to this placing Are Cazenove and Co., Stock Exchange, London, and S. M. Penney and MacGeorge. Glasgow. Stock Exchange.
Below – 13/08/1955 – Falkirk Herald – Wash machines for brickwork. Mr W Boyd Mitchell, who has been managing director at Dougal’s Brickwork, High Bonnybridge for 25 years, marked the occasion of his semi-jubilee by presenting two electric washing machines for the use of the employees and employees wives. The picture shows a demonstration in progress.
1962 – Dyson Refractories take over the site.
Dyson produced bricks in the “East works” and in the West Works, Graphite/Alumina Isostatically pressed products for the control of molten steel in the continuous casting process in steel mills.
Dyson sold the ISO (Isostatic products) business to Foseco in the early ’90s. Foseco then developed the manufacturing process and gained significant market share in Europe. In 2008, RHI purchased the operation from Foseco (who in turn sold out to Cookson/Vesuvius).
The operation in Bonnybridge no longer produces isostatic products, this is done at the RHI site in Clydebank. RHI Bonnybridge produces the graphite/alumina granular material which is shipped to Clydebank for pressing/heat treatment/kilning/finishing.
What is left of the East works is no longer owned by Dyson but a local dairy farmer.
Below – A dense unmarked brick found in abundance on the Bonnyside Works site. Most likely a James Dougall or Dyson product.
Below – The Scottish Industrial Archaeology Survey published a report in 1985 entitled ” A survey of Scottish brickmarks. During the compilation of this report in which the survey officers visited working and derelict brickworks sites, many items of interest were donated or found. Many of these items were thereafter donated to the National Museum Scotland. The item below is one of these items. A brass stamping plate marked ‘Docken’.
Below – a Similar brass stamping plate marked ‘Dougall’.