Newark Brick and Tile Works, Ellon, Aberdeenshire aka Tipperty

Newark Brick and Tile Works, Tipperty, Ellon, Aberdeenshire


Tipperty Tile Works, early 20th century. A most interesting complex, producing tile field drains. There is a range of four circular kilns, enclosed in a 2-storey building, with 3 circular-section, iron-bound chimneys. The floors above the kilns are used for drying the ‘green’ pipes after extrusion, as are pantile- and asbestos-roofed single-storey drying sheds. The pug mill and extrusion plant, conveyoes and other machinery are driven by a Ruston & Hornsby 2-cylinder horizontal diesel engine, size 8 class HR6, works no. 351331. There is a 2ft (0.6m) gauge railway, in two sections, linking the works with the claypit. (1977). It comprised four round downdraught (intermittent) kilns, and was mostly demolished by 1981.

04/11/1851 – Fettercairn – At the late meeting of the Fettercairn Farmers’ Club, Sir John Forbes exhibited specimens of a very ingenious fluted brick and gutter tile for byre floors, invented and registered by Mr Forbes of Newark Tile Works, Ellon the object of which was to save litter, by having grooves only half inch wide at top, and widening below, running at intervals of five inches from half-way up the stall, and opening by corresponding notches into the gutter brick on which the animal lies with much greater comfort on boards, and a moderate portion of litter, which, in practice, is found to prevent the dung from closing up the grooves, lasts a great deal longer, being kept quite dry.  These bricks which can be sold in Aberdeen at 11s 6d per 100-70 to 80 being sufficient to lay a double stall-have been much commended by the Directors of the Highland and Agricultural Society.  They excited much interest at the meeting, and several of the members, as well as the Chairman, signified their intention of ordering some for a trial immediatley.

27/11/1851 – Falkirk Herald – Highland and Agricultural Society -………………..Mr Hall Maxwell wished before the commencement of discussion to call the attention of the meeting to specimens of grooved brick for laying the floors of cattle stores, invented and manufactured by Mr Forbes of Newark brickworks near Ellon in Aberdeenshire. Their peculiarity consisted in the brick being slit in the surface and grooved in the centre, the grooves communicating with a larger brick of similar construction, on the principle of a main drain, received their contents and formed the grip or gutter. He mentioned that he had received from Sir John Forbes and various practical farmers in Aberdeenshire, statements certifying the advantages of the invention in point of cleanliness, economy of litter and comfort and he understood the bricks were sold at the kiln at 8 shillings per 100, 160 being sufficient for 4 animals.

15/03/1854 – Aberdeen Press and Journal – Newark Brick Work, Ellon – Reduction in prices – A complete assortment of all sizes of drain pipes on hand, of excellent quality, being all carefully re-selected. The prices are, till further notice, reduced 10 per cent, on all sizes under inch bore ; they (the 2 1/2 inch) are also reduced upwards of 5 per cent. Hereafter no discount will be given on drainage materials. The Subscriber takes this opportunity of thanking the public for the liberal support he has received, and trusts by still further improving the quality of his stock, to merit a continuance of their favours. He would draw particular attention to his large hollow bricks, manufactured so cheaply that bricks to build a wall 9 inches thick, cost only 1s 6d per square yard ; they are particularly suitable for garden walls and small cottages— 10 yards are one cart load. The dwelling-house at Newark was built of them 4 years ago (walls 13 inches thick), and is both warm and dry, and the experiment has been in every way satisfactory. He has succeeded in producing a drain pavement for horses’ stalls, which bids fair to rival his celebrated flooring for cattle, keeping the horses drier and cleaner than any other causeway, with half the litter. They are highly recommended all farmers, stablers, and coach proprietors who have tried them. They are laid, and may be seen, in nearly all the stables connected with the Banks of Ythan Coach. Bricks, tiles, drain pavement, chimney cans, &c. &c., will be on hand in a few weeks. N,B. —No Inspector, or other party, ever remunerated for recommending the stock. 14 th March, 1854, Wm. Forbes.

28/03/1856 – Edinburgh Gazette – The  copartnery between the subscribers, under the firm of William and James Forbes, Brick and Tile Manufacturers, Newark, Ellon, Aberdeenshire,
has been dissolved by mutual consent. Witness our hands this 26th day of March 1856. Jas Forbes.

28/04/1858 – Aberdeen Press and Journal – Drain Pipes, &c., at Tipperty. There are on hand at present, the usual sizes of pipes, from 5 inches to 1 1/4 inches in diameter ; Drain pavement  for cattle and horses stalls; hollow bricks for building walls, of 5, 6, and 9 inches thickness, etc. Pantiles and bricks will be ready for delivery early in May. All of superior quality. The hollow bricks cost for 9 inch wall about 2s per square yard ; or the subscriber will contract for building small cottages and outhouses, affording lime and workmanship, at from 2s 6d to per square yard. Liberal discount for cash, first Ellon Market after delivery. William Forbes. Newark Brick Work, Ellon, 26th April, 1858.

Below – 1866 – Newark Brick and Tile Works.

25/04/1876 – Banffshire Journal – School Board Elections – Candidates ………….George Gray, Westfield Brickworks, Auchmacoy, William Forbes, Tipperty Brickworks…….

26/03/1895 – Banffshire Journal  – Nominations for Parish Councillors…..Foveran – William Forbes, retired brick and tile manufacturer ( Note – SBH – I assume Willam Forbes Senior)

Below – 1899 – Newark Brick and Tile Works.

Below – 02/09/1899  – Peterhead Sentinel – Advert for William Forbes & Sons, Newark Brickworks, Ellon.

Below – 19/07/1902 –  Peterhead Sentinel – The Highland and Agricultural Society’s Show  – ….. one of the most interesting stands at the show was that of William Forbes, Newark Brickwork, Ellon, who had a capital exhibition of the various varieties of brickwork, for the manufacture of which he has such a reputation. His exhibits included specimens of his patent drain paving for cattle stalls; half collared impervious pointed pipes for conveying water purity, or for sewage; improved segment pipes for building culverts, mill races, and for lining walls; hollow bricks now so largely used, owing to their utility combined with small cost, for building dividing walls in dwellinghouses, and the outer walls of cottars and crofters houses, barns, byres, sheds, etc. ; Albert bricks—the invention of the late Prince Albert—for building cottages; as well window ribats, corners, etc., for Albert bricks. Mr Forbes’s pavement for bullock stalls is said to be found exceptionally satisfactory for the purpose. Forbes himself—now in his seventy-sixth year—was in attendance the stall, and by a series of leaflets, as well as his interesting explanations of his wares, contrived to make Stall 154, a source of no small attraction…

Below – 01/07/1905 – Peterhead Sentinel – Letter from William Forbes to the newspaper regarding hollow bricks.


Below – 19/07/1905 – Aberdeen Press and Journal – Advert for Newark drain pavements.

Below – 20/07/1905 – Aberdeen Press and Journal  – Article on William Forbes, Newark.

Below – 20/04/1971 – Aberdeen Press and Journal  –  Cruden Bay Brick and Tile Co Ltd incorporating Sutherland Bricks Ltd, Brora. Stockists of spigot and faucet pipes and general building materials. Works at Cruden Bay, Aberdeenshire and Brora, Sutherland and Tipperty Ellon and Aberdeen Depot, 17 Back Milton Road, Aberdeen.

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