Lilliehill Fire Clay Works Dunfermline, Fife

Lilliehill Fire Clay Works, Townhill, Dunfermline, Fife.

Lilliehill Fireclay and Terracotta Works. Messers. Lindsay & Anderson began these now extensive works on 7th May 1867.  About 100 persons are employed at the works.  Here terra cotta work of the finest quality is manufactured; sewerage pipes, fire bricks and many other articles made from clay are turned out in large quantities, and sent to the most distant parts of the kingdom, as also to Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and ports on the Black Sea, &c.  The works are about two miles northeast of Dunfermline. Source

Lindsay and Anderson were established in 1867 and were based at LillieHill Fire Clay and Terra Cotta works, Dunfermline, Scotland where they manufactured an extensive range of clay products for the building trade as well as decorative items including vases and pedestals, fountains, statuary and rustic furniture.


Little survives of Lilliehill Fireclay Works, which was situated in the Y of a railway junction to the E of Cairncubie Road. The works are depicted as roofed on the 2nd edition of the OS 25-inch map (Fifeshire, 1896, sheet xxxiv.12) but disused on the subsequent revisions of 1913 and 1938. The only structure now standing on the site is part of a brick-built building (one brick found in situ was stamped J & M Craig Ltd, Lilliehill, Dunfermline). The works lasted from 1873 to the 1920s and the site was cleared (demolished) in the 1970s (Douglas and Oglethorpe 1993).  A quarry to the N has been largely filled in and reclaimed. (Cleish 91.147). Visited by RCAHMS (SH), 6 September 1991.

22/06/1867 – Dunfermline Saturday Press – Reference to Robert Lindsay, brick manufacturer, Lilliehill being a witness at a trial.

Below – 19/11/1867 – Dunfermline Saturday Press – Advert Anderson and Lindsay


1868 – Lindsay & Anderson Lilliehill Brick Works, Dunfermline.

31/07/1869 – Edinburgh Evening Courant – The Highland and Agricultural Show – Messrs Lindsay & Anderson, Lilliehill Fireclay Works, Dunfermline exhibited cattle troughs, horse manger, causewaying bricks, statuary vases, fountains etc in fire clay and obtained a medium silver medal for their bricks for floors of dog kennels and general collection.

13/07/1870 – North British Agriculturist – Scottish Midland Agricultural Association show at Cupar, Fife … Implements and Machines … Associations commendation ticket – Lindsay & Anderson, Lilliehill Fireclay Works, Dunfermline for cattle feeding troughs and for stable flooring and causewaying bricks …

03/08/1870 – North British Agriculturist – The Highland and Agricultural Society’s Show at Dumfries … Lindsay & Anderson, Dunfermline, exhibited causewaying bricks, flooring tiles, irrigation pipes, sewage pipes, and a collection of statuary vases and fountains in terracotta. This collection attracted a good deal of attention.

06/08/1870 – Farmers Gazette – Highland and Agricultural Society Show at Dumfries  – Silver medals – Stand 109 – Lindsay & Anderson, Lilliehill Fireclay Works, Dunfermline for collection of fireclay articles.

1871 – International Exhibition, London – Pottery – Terracotta, Stoneware, firebricks– page 89 states – Lilliehill Terra-cotta Co, of Dunfermline, have a bust of Apollo and a terra-cotta vase of some merit.

1871 – RHASS (1870) – Silver medal – Lindsay & Anderson, Lilliehill Fireclay Works, Dunfermline for a collection of clay articles.

1872 – RHASS (1871) – Medium silver medal – Lindsay & Anderson, Lilliehill Fireclay Works, Dunfermline for a collection.

Below – 20/08/1873 – North British Agriculturist – Lindsay & Anderson, Lilliehill Fireclay Work advert.

Below – 09/04/1874 – Edinburgh Evening News – David Barrie, Pavement merchant selected as an agent for Lindsay and Anderson.

1875 – RHASS – Medium silver medal – Lindsay & Anderson, Lilliehill Fireclay Works, Dunfermline for pressure pipes and irrigation pipes and collection.

03/11/1875 – Dundee Courier – Dunfermline elections – Mr R Lindsay of Lilliehill Terra Cotta Works. Third Ward, new member.

Below – 1877 – Advert Lindsay & Anderson, Lilliehill Fire Clay & Terracotta Works, Dunfermline.


Below – 05/12/1877 – Dundee Courier – Notice to Architects, Builders and Contractors – Lindsay & Anderson, Lilliehill Fire Clay Works, Dunfermline beg to intimate that they have opened their depot at East Dock Street, Dundee (foot of Peep O’Day Lane) where a large stock of goods will be kept, including sewerage pipes, bends, branches and sanitary appliances, vent linings, chimney cans, fire and composition bricks, flue covers, paving tiles, Kinnaird bricks, troughs, mangers, and other fire clay goods. Goods made to order and to any design. All orders are punctually attended to.

1878 – Lilliehill Fire Clay Co, Park Lane, Paisley – Archibald Mclauchlan Agent.

1878 – Lindsay and Anderson. Manufacturers of Sewerage pipe and fire bricks, Lilliehill Fire Clay and Terracotta Works, Crossgates.

21/11/1878 – Fife Herald – At Lilliehill Brickworks on Monday nearly 25 men were paid off owing to the general dullness of the trade.

29/07/1879 – Dundee Advertiser – Highland Society Show at Perth … Statutory of an artistic character and fireclay work for practical purposes is represented by Messrs Lindsay and Anderson, Dunfermline and Dundee at stand no 122. The collection comprises of ornamental vases, rustic garden chairs and piping of various descriptions and sizes. An imposing vase about 11 feet high surrounded by cupids and dolphins is most attractive in design and beautifully finished. A fireclay pipe of improved construction for conveying water under pressure is exhibited and is apparently a great improvement on the ordinary pipe being much stronger at the joints. It is a 3rd cheaper than lead …

31/07/1879 – Dundee Courier – Highland and Agricultural Show, Perth – Stand 122 – Lindsay and Anderson, Lilliehill Fireclay and Terracotta Works, Dunfermline have a display of fountains, vases, statuary and garden ornaments, cattle troughs, sewerage pipes, chimney cans etc  – Depot in Dundee, East Dock Street.

1882 – Lilliehill Fire Clay Co, Park Lane, Stirling. Archibald McLachlan agent.

10/01/1882 – Banffshire Journal – The gale which occurred on Friday last did considerable damage to property in the Southern districts of Scotland. At Dunfermline, a chimney stalk at the Lillies’ Hill (Lilliehill) Brickwork was blown down and two men were killed, namely, James Gillespie aged 60 years and William Gillespie, his son, aged 32 years. (The Ayr Advertiser – 12/01/1882 – states Mr James Gillespie was the manager of the brick and tile department)

Below – 1882 – 1883 – Lilliehill Brickworks advert.

Lilliehill brickworks 1882 1883

20/01/1883 – Glasgow Herald – Pit rails about 400 yards wanted. State price per ton delivered. Robert Lindsay & Co, Lilliehill Fire Clay Works, Dunfermline.

Below – 1886 – Robert Lindsay and Co, Lilliehill Fireclay & Terracotta Works, Dunfermline. Archibald McLachlan Agent. Robert Small agent and William Clunas, agent.

1886 – Robert Lindsay and Co, Fire Clay Works, Lilliehill Works, Dunfermline.

Below – 1886 – 1887 – J & M Craig, Kilmarnock advert.

Awarded the Gold, Silver and Bronze medals at the International Health Exhibition 1884 for exhibits comprising Buchan’s patent drain traps, Craig’s white enamelled fire clay sinks and washing tubs, Buchan’s Patent grease traps, access pipes etc

J & M. Craig, Fire clay manufacturers, coal masters and sanitary potters – Hillhead Fire Clay Works, Perceton Fire Clay Works, Longpark Sanitary Pottery and Perceton Collieries, Kilmarnock, N.B and Lilliehill Fire Clay Works, Dunfermline.

Sole Makers of

Buchan’s Patent Ventilating and Disconnecting Drain Traps,

Buchan’s Patent Grease Traps,

Buchan’s Patent Drain Pipes and Access Pipes,

Maguire’s Patent Safety-Joint Drain Pipes.

Sole Makers for Scotland and Ireland of Potts’ Patent Edinburgh Air-   Chambered Sewer Trap.

Manufacturers of

White and Yellow Enamelled Pire-Clay Sinks,

Washing Tubs, Milk Coolers, etc.

White and Coloured Enamelled Bricks,

Fire-Clay Sanitary Ware,

Glazed Sewerage and Water Pipes, Facing

Bricks, Cattle and Pig Troughs, Horse Mangers,

Water Cisterns, Fire Bricks, Furnace Blocks,

Gas Retorts, Chimney Cans, Flower Vases, and every description of Fire-Clay Goods.

Their enamelled fire clay sinks received Silver Medal at the London International Health Exhibition, 1884 and First Prize Medal from the

Sanitary Institute of Great Britain at Dublin, 1884.

And also obtained Highest Awards at Glasgow, 1883 and Newcastle, 1882,

from the Sanitary Institute of Great Britain.

Received Prize Medals for Fire-Clay Goods at London, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Dublin, and Ayr.

Buchan’s Patent have received highest awards wherever exhibited and are Patronized by the Government Departments, and by the leading Architects,

Physicians, and Sanitarians in the Kingdom; and in use at Balmoral Castle.

None are genuine unless stamped ‘Buchan’s Patent’ and with our names as Sole Makers.

Buchan’s Patent Grease Trap and Buchan’s Ventilating Drain Trap (No. 2)-

About 40,000 in use.

Manufacturers of – Sanitary and Plumbers’ Earthenware, Cabinet Stands, Urinals, Closet Basins, Toilet Ware, Etc.

Sole makers of Armstrong’s Patent Automatic Flushing Urinals.

Price Lists and all information on application at Head Office, Kilmarnock.

Sole Makers of

‘ The Shields ‘ Patent Flushout Closet.

‘ The Shields ‘ Patent Flushout Urinal.

‘The Shields ‘ Registered Trapped Urinal.

Buchan’s (Edinburgh) Patent ‘ Eclipse ‘ Syphoning  Water-closet.

Buchan’s (Edinburgh) Patent ‘Climax’ Syphoning Water-closet.

Offices at Glasgow, Edinburgh and Greenock. Agencies in most of the principal towns in England, Scotland and Ireland. Edinburgh Depot and Office— 3 Canning Street. Dochard and McLean. Agents.

1886 J M Craig Kilmarnock advert

20/04/1888 – Fifeshire Advertiser – Glasgow Exhibition – Lilliehill Fire Clay and Terra Cotta Works – The Messrs J & M Craig, Lilliehill Fire Clay and Terra Cotta Works, Dunfermline, are to be exhibitors at Glasgow of a large assortment of terra cotta statuary and vases.  A good deal of really artistic work will be displayed in the moulding and adjuncts of the figures.  The same firm will also send an arrangement of their Kilmarnock enamelled bricks, washtubs, &c.

Below – 1889 – 1890 – J & M Craig, Kilmarnock advert.

j & m craig 1889 - 1890

Below – 1896 – J & M Craig advert.


1896 – Kenneth W Sanderson states that J & M Craig, Kilmarnock bought the Works. Robert Lindsay and Co had been prior to 1896 acting as agents for J & M Craig, Kilmarnock.

1901 – Directory of clay workers – J. Gilmour, Woodside Cottage, Lilliehill, Dunfermline.

21/12/1907 – Hamilton Herald – At an early day. Lilliehill Fireclay Works, Dunfermline. The whole plant and machinery.

Below – 05/02/1908 – The Scotsman – J & M Craig, Lilliehill Fire Clay Works, Dunfermline sale.


1914 – Kenneth W Sanderson states that the works were disused by this date.

1945 – Some building bricks may have been produced after this date.

1970‘s – Works were finally demolished in the 1970s.

Below – Substantial pair of 19th Century (c.1880) terracotta tazza shaped urns,  stamped ‘Lindsay & Anderson, Lillie Hill Terra Cotta Works, Dunfermline’, based in Scotland. – Source



Lindsay and Anderson Lillie Hill Dunfermline

Below – An Artificial stone figure of Ceres. Early 2oth century. Source

Lot Description  57in. (144.8cm.) high Together with a terracotta pedestal, with impressed stamp Lilliehill Tewrracotta Works, Dunfermline.­­ 19½in. (49.5cm.) high; the figure with pedestal ­­ 76½in. (194.3cm.) overall (2) Special Notice No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer’s premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis. This lot is subject to storage and collection charges. **For Furniture and Decorative Objects, storage charges commence 7 days from sale. Please contact the department for further details.** Lot Notes A pair of pedestals of the same design, stamped by J.M.Craig. Ltd and Lillie Hill, sold Christie’s The Seago Collection, 9th June 1999, lot 100. The Lillie Hill Fireclay Works, Townhill, Dunfermline, won the silver medal for fireclay goods from the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland in 1869. Craig bought them over in 1896.

Ceres Lilliehill Dunfermline

Below – A pair of English! stoneware pedestals by J & M Craig Ltd, Kilmarnock. C.1900 – Source

Lot Description A pair of English stoneware pedestals By J & M. Craig Ltd, Kilmarnock, Circa 1900 Each with circular platform above an acanthus moulded rim, the cylindrical body with scrolling foliage, on a moulded spreading foot with palmettes, on a circular base inscribed J M. Craig Ltd and Lilliehill Terracotta Works, Dunfermline –  16 in. (42 cm.) wide; 19 in. (50 cm.) high (2) Lot Notes Established in 1831, the Craig factory became the largest firebrick ­maker in Scotland by 1865. The Lilliehill Fireclay Works, Townhill, Dunfermline, were also producing firebricks prior to 1869, the year they won the silver medal for fireclay goods from the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland. Craig bought them over in 1896 when the company was incorporated as J. & M. Craig Ltd. The factory ceased in 1914.


Below – A “Rustic” British Stoneware Plant Stand Naturalistically Modeled as a Tree Trunk, Circa 1880. – Source

This triangular plant stand is modelled naturalistically as a tree trunk with four truncated branches designed for containing potted plants.  The modelling of its bark is extremely similar to that of an English chair stamped, ‘Lindsay & Anderson, Lillie Hill, Terracotta Works, Dunfermline’  Dimensions: 17 1/2 in H x 17 in W (44.5 cm x 43.2 cm)

British Stoneware Plant Stand Naturalistically Modeled as a Tree Trunk,

Below – A Scottish Terracotta bust of Apollo Belvidere by Lindsay &  Anderson, Dunfermline. c. 1890 – Source

Impressed stamp to reverse Lindsay & Anderson, Lilliehill, Terracotta Works, Dunfermline. 22 in. (56 cm.) high; 17¼ in. (44 cm.) wide; 13 in. (33 cm.) deep.


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