Manuel Fireclay Mine, Whitecross, Linlithgow, Stirlingshire.

05/1923 – The shaft to source the clay at Manuel was started.

25/12/1923 – The clay is reached. This clay was high in alumina at 42% and would herald the arrival of the ‘Nettle’ brand. (Note – SBH – I believe this was a mine to establish the quality of the clay and once ascertained it was closed down)

27/02/1928 – A new mine is started.

08/1929 – The clay is reached.

10/10/1947 – Linlithgowshire Gazette – Fatal accident – Mr David Lewis, Waterside Cottage, Linlithgowshire Bridge was killed late the previous night by a fall from the roof while at work in the No 1 Manuel Heading Section of the Manuel Clay Mine belonging to Messrs J G Stein and Co Ltd. Mr Lewis ad only started work there last June and had been barely a month employed in the underground workings.


Due to the amount of clay being removed to make the Nettle brand firebricks, the Manuel mine workings were reaching a long distance. To improve ventilation and reduce the amount of time the miners took to walk to and from the face a new shaft was sunk at Compston Farm. Later another was dug at Wallhouse.

1970 – All mines the above mines were closed.

Below – 1988 – Aerial photograph of Manuel Works. Whitecross village is situated top right.

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