Eglinton Fire Clay Works, Kilwinning

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Eglinton Iron Fire Clay Works – Kilwinning

The Ironworks was started by William Baird & Co, in 1846, and the brickworks was on the western side of the ironworks.  The ironworks prospered and had eight blast-furnaces working by 1859.  the brickworks shown on the map of 1911 is a very small one and could not have produced all the firebricks required, but it could have provided the taphole clay which had to be freshly milled to retain plasticity.  Bairds, with their experience at their massive Gartsherrie Ironworks, would no doubt bring in more refractory firebricks from the Glenboig area, for blast-furnace linings and hot blast stoves.  Iron was produced on this site up to 1924. Source KW Sanderson – Scottish Refractory Industry 1830 – 1980.

22/01/1851 – Dumfries and Galloway Standard – Notice – The Eglinton Fire Clay Works Company beg to intimate that they have appointed Mr P.K. Lamb, General Mineral Agent, to dispose of their manufacture in Dumfries and neighbourhood, consisting of fire clay, fire clay pressed bricks, chimney cans, chimney linings, water pipes, ornamental vases and ornamental flower pots, paving tiles, gas retorts, cow troughs, coping for walls etc etc. Specimens of the work may be seen and prices learned by applying at the Office of Mr Lamb, McPhersons New Land, Bank Street, Dumfries or the Ayrshire Coal Yard, South side the Railway Bridge, Goods Station, Dumfries. 16/01/1851.

08/05/1852 – Glasgow Herald –  The subscriber, residing Wallacetown, Ayr, has ceased to be a partner of the firm carrying on business under the name of Archibald Kenneth and Company as coal masters at the Eglinton and Dreghorn Collieries and as manufacturers of articles from fire clay and other clay at the Eglinton Fire Clay Works all in Ayrshire. – George Taylor.

Witnesses J.F Murdoch and J. Murdoch.

1858 – 59 – John Forbes, Agent for Eglinton Fire Clay Works. Ho 66 Shamrock Street, Glasgow

1867 – Archibald Kenneth & Co, Eglinton Fire Clay Works.

09/09/1869 – Glasgow Herald – Ayr Council meeting …….the following offers were accepted in respect of the proposed drainage work in districts 1 and 4…..and for supplying the fire clay for these works the offer of Messrs Archibald Kenneth & Sons, Eglinton Fire Clay Works, Kilwinning, amounting to £98 2s 11d.

17/01/1874 – Adrossan and Saltcoats Herald –  Fatal pit accident at Messrs A. Kenneth & Sons, Fire Clay Works.  James Lawson ( 59) fireman, lost his life in an accident involving the cage.

15/08/1874 – Adrossan and Saltcoats Herald – Railway excursion to Edinburgh …..upward of 300 having been booked at Kilwinning Station alone ……In connection with it we have to record an act of generous  liberality on the part of the firm of Archibald Kenneth & Sons, of the Eglinton Fire Clay Works,here, some of the workmen having expressed a wish to go if they could get leave for the day, their employers not only granted this but turned the affair into a general holiday, granting a free ticket to each of the men with provision for refreshment while in ‘Auld Reekie’

Eglinton Fireclay works  – The OS map for the mid 18th century shows a clay mill, fireclay works and kilns at Buckreddan on the Bannoch Road.  Fire clay is used in the manufacture of fire bricks. The clay is resistant to high temperatures and is suitable for lining furnaces, as fire brick, and manufacture of utensils used in the metalworking industries. Fireclay was also worked at Perceton – info by a member of the Kilwinning Heritage

Below  – 1856 – Eglinton Fireclay Works.

OS Map Eglinton Fireclay Works 1856

Below –  1897  –  Eglinton Fireclay Works

OS Map Eglinton Fireclay Works 1897







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