Street family – Brickmakers in Fife and Falkirk Areas

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John Shepherd Street, Born 8/12/1859, son of Richard Street, brick manufacturer, Dunfermline, and Euphemia West, grandson of William Streets and Anna Shepherd, married 02/02/1800 Glasgow.

John S Street resident Dunfermline 1871-1891.

1867 – Richard Street, Fire Brick and Terracotta Manufacturer, Town Hill, Dunfermline

1867 – William Fraser, Inverkeithing Fire Clay Works – Peter Moodie Manager (page 662)

1871-1891 – John S Street resident Dunfermline

1886 – Street Brothers, Appin Brick and Tile Works and Richard Street & Sons, Townhill ( page 551)

The Inverkeithing Fire Clay and Brick Co ( gas retorts, bakers oven retorts, fire bricks, sewage pipes etc) Inverkeithing N.B

Below  – 1886 – Advert Richard Street & Sons, Dunfermline


Below – 1886 – Advert for Inverkeithing Fire Clay Company

1886 inverkeithing fire clay

17/09/1887 – Dunfermline Saturday Press –  Unwarrantable use of water – At a meeting of the Water Works Committee on the 8th inst, the superintendent reported that Messrs Street Brothers, Appin Brick and Tile Works had without permission from or intention to him communicated the use of the towns water from the pipe laid for the domestic supply of the houses at Appin Place to persons who did not pay for it and were not authorised to use it. The committee recommended that in these circumstances the supply to Street Brothers should be by meter after Whitsunday next and that they be charged £2 for the water unwarrantably used.

1893 Street Brothers, Appin Coal and Fire Clay Works, Townhill, Dunfermline  – Fire clay – J.S. Street, Manager

Below – 1893 – Advert – Street Brothers Appin Fire Clay Works Townhill Dunfermline

Advert - Street Brothers Appin Fire Clay Works Townhill Dunfermeline

Below – 1893  – advert –  Inverkeithing Fire Clay & Brick Co.


22/04/1893 – Edinburgh Evening News – Workman wanted to make drain pipes and roofing tiles by contract, also for digging clay. Apply Street Brothers, Cruicks Terracotta Works, Inverkeithing.

Below  – 1896 – Advert Street Brothers, Appin Fire Clay Works, Townhill, Dunfermline.


1896 – David Bruce was Under Manager at the Appin Fire Clay Mine, Townhill, Dunfermline

Below – 13/07/1898 – John Shepherd Street clay dispute

John Shepherd Street clay dispute

Below – 12/04/1899  – Glasgow Herald –

The Subscription List will be Opened on Friday, 14th April,, and will close on the Issue of 4200 Cumulative Five Per Cent, Preference Shares of £5 Each.


brick and fire-clay goods manufacturers.
Builders and Contractors, and Quarrymasters, Townhill (Dunfermline) and Inverkeithing.

(Incorporated under the companies acts, 1852 to 1893.)

Share Capital………………..£42,000.

Divided into

4200 Preference Shares of £5 Each,   …   …   …   £21,000

4200 Ordinary Shares of £5 Each,   …   …   …        21,003

The preference shares are entitled to a cummulative preferential dividend of Five per Cent, per Annum, and also to priority on the Capital of the Company before the Ordinary Shares.  All the Ordinary Shares are taken by the Vendors in part payment of the Purchase Price.

A fund to redeem the Preference Shares will be established.  The Preference Shares are now offered for Subscriptions and will be payable as follows:-

On Application,   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …  …   £1 per Share.

On Allotment,   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …    £2 per Share.

One Month after Allotment,   …   …   …   …   …   …   £2 per Share.


Subscribers may pay up their Shares on Allotment, and they will recieve Interest or Dividend at the rate of Five per Cent, per annum from date of payment.


RICHARD STREET, Jun., Esq., Townhill, Dunfermline, Chairman.

JOHN HOUSTON, Esq., Architect, Dunfermline.

GEORGE PHILP, Esq., High Street, Dunfermline.

THOMAS T. STREET, Esq., Townhill, Dunfermline, Managing Director.


THE NORTH OF SCOTLAND BANK, LIMITED, Dunfermline, Aberdeen, Dundee, and Branches, or their Correspondents.


Solicitor-JOHN F. YULE, Esq., 13 Bridge Street, Dunfermline.

Secretary-HARRY STREET, Esq., Appin Fire Clay Works, Townhill, Dunfermline.

Registered Office-APPIN FIRE CLAY WORKS, Townhill, Dunfermline.


The Company has been Formed for the purpose of Aquiring, Working, and Further Developing the Business of Brick and Fire Clay Goods Manufacturers, Quarrymakers, and Buildings carried on by the Firms of RICHARD STREET & SONS and STREET BROTHERS, at Appin Fire Clay Works, Townhill, Dunfermline, and at Cruick Works, Inverkeithing.

The Townhill Business was established upwards of 60 years ago by the grandfather of the Vendors.  Both Appin and Cruick Works and Clayfields have been reported upon by Messrs JOHN and G. H. GEDDES, Mining Engineers, Edinburgh, and Mr ALEXANDER CHRISTIE, Manager, Seaton Brick and Tile Company, Limited, Aberdeen.  These gentlemen report that the terms of the leases of both fields are reasonable and satisfactory, and there is practically an inexhaustible supply of Blue, Surface, and Fire Clay of the best quality, tht the works have been recently reconstructed and modernised, and that the buildings are up-to-date and in first class order.  Both works are connected with the North British Railway by Sidings, and at Cruick there is in addition a Shipping Pier.  Messrs GEDDES and MR CHRISTIE estimate a gross profit from the works of £4420 per annum, calculated upon the basis of 20 per cent. below selling prices.

Mr CHRISTIE estimates the value of the whole Works and Plant at £31,937.

Messrs BARSTOW & MILLER, C.A., Edinburgh, have admitted the books of the Appin Works for the period from 1st January 1896, the date when the Vendorsbecame sole partners of the firms, to 11th November last, from which date the business is to be taken over by the Company, a period of 2 years and 45 weeks, and have prepared a Profit and Loss Account showing the Profits earned during that period, without deductions of Income Tax paid.
Interest on Borrowed Money, ans Salaries to Partners, to have been   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   £3521  18  3
To which there falls to be added the value of Material used out of the Firm’s Stock-in-Trade, and Wages paid to Firm’s Workmen in connection with Extensions to Buildings, and Additions to Machinery and Plant at Appin Works, paid for out of revenue.
This expenditure has been certified by Mr CHRISTIE as amounting to   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …     4981  4 11

Making a Gross Profit for the period reported on earned by Appin Works of   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …   …        £8503  3  2

Or almost £3000 per annum.  The Cruick Works were acquired on 1st January last.  The sum of £1050 per annum is required to meet the Dividend on the Preference Shares, and by the Articles of Association the Directors are bound to set aside out of the profits, prior to the payment of any Dividend on the Ordinary Shares, a sum of £1000 per annum, as a Fund for the Redemption of the Preference Shares, until a sum equal to the amount of these Shares has been accumulated.  The Vendors (Mr RICHARD STREET, Junior, and Mr THOMAS STREET) are the promoters of the company.  They have fixed the price to be paid for the whole Businesses, including Appin Works and Cruick Works and Quarries, together with the Leaseholds, Goodwill, Buildings, Machinery, Stocks, &c., at £34,000 payable to the extent of £21,000 by the issue to them or their nominees of the Whole Ordinary Shares of the Company fully paid up, and the balance in cash or in Preference Shares at their option.  The balance of £8000 of the present issue of Preference Shares is required for the extensions referred to in the Engineer’s Report, and to provide the Working Capital of the Company.  The Vendore will provide all of the preliminary expenses incident to the formation of the Company to and including allotment.  There are Contracts, &c., incident to the current business of the Company.  Applicants for Shares will accept the above as sufficient notice, and will be deemed to waive any further compliance with Section 33 of the Companies Act, 1867, with reference to Contracts and Agreements.  The Memorandum and Articles of Association of the Company, the Agreement, and Contract, the Leases, and Reports of the Accountants, and of the Engineers, and valuators can be inspected by intending Subscribers at the Offices of the Solicitor of the Company.  When no allotment is made the deposits will be returned in full, and where the number of Shares allotted is less than the number applied for, the surplus deposit will be credited in reduction of the amount payable on the Shares allotted.  Application will be made for a Stock Exchange Quotation for the Preference Shares.  Prospectuses may be obtained from the Bankers, Brokers, and Solicitor, and at the Offices of the Company. 11th April 1899.

29/09/1900 – Kilsyth Chronicle – Interdict Action by Mr James Dobbie, Iron Founder , Banknock and Mr John S Street, Brick manufacturer, Banknock ( Near Falkirk)

26/12/1900 – Kirkintilloch Herald – A Stirlingshire coalmaster and his siding – In the Court of Session last Friday, evidence was led before the Railway and Canal Commissioners in an action at the instance of John Shepherd Street, coalmaster and fire rick manufacturer, Burnbank Colliery, Hollandbush, Stirling, against the Kilsyth and Bonnybridge Railway Company, the Caledonian Railway Company, and the North British Railway Company, for a order enjoining the Companies to restore the connection between the applicants siding and the Companies’ railway,ad, to afford,according to their powers, all reasonable facilities in the receiving ad forwarding of his traffic upon the Company’s’ railway at or near Banknock Station.  The applicant claims as damages a sum equal to £10 per day from 27th November, 1899, till his siding connection shall be restored.  In November, 1899, the applicant made a slight deviation of the line which lay entirely within his own property, ad o the 27th November a gate was put across the entrance of the siding.  The respondents maintained the applicants deviated from the original plan fixed under agreement, ad the result was to make the siding difficult and dangerous to work.  They consequently refused to work it until it was restored to its former state.  After several witnesses had been examined the parties agreed that the engineers should consider what alteration of the levels was necessary to make the siding safe, and the Court agreed that the matter-although in all probability no more would be heard of the case-might be mentioned at the next sitting of the Commission.

19/08/1901 – Dundee Evening Telegraph –  New Works at Inverkeithing – Very extensive additions both in the way of building and the laying down of new plant has just been made to the Inverkeithing Works of Messrs Street Brothers Ltd, extensions which will give employment to a large number of hands. The firm had its origins in 1837, their fire bricks work being at Kingseat Hill and at the site now occupied by the house of Mr Ness. The father of the brothers Street was the first to make stock bricks in Scotland, at that time this class of brick commanding a much higher price than ordinary bricks.

The Townhill Brickworks was then opened and on the clay giving out there the Appin Brickworks on the Townhill Railway was started. 3 years ago the firm was formed into a Limited Liability Company incorporating with it Cruicks Terra Cotta Works, Inverkeithing. At these latter works the company have carried on the manufacture of teapots, vases and terracotta ware but owing to the extension of the brick laying business of the Company under the superintendence of Mr James Street, new buildings and new brick making plant have been added to the Inverkeithing Works which are situated at the South side of Inverkeithing Bay, nearly opposite St Davids shipping port for Fordel Coal and a short distance from the hamlet of Jamestown and the old salt pans at Inverkeithing.

The new building is 4 storeys in height, while the new brick making plant is capable of turning out 2o,000 bricks a day and gives employment to some 150 men. The clay is taken from Inverkeithing Bay by means of a barge and crane and on the shore a 3 ton crane has been erected which lefts the clay to the upper stores of the building. The clay then passes through various processes, gradually finding its way to the patent duplex brick making and brick pressing machine. A new kiln on the Hoffman principle has been erected with 14 chambers each capable of containing 16,000 bricks. The Company have also a whin stone quarry at Inverkeithing in which they have introduced a stone breaking machine. The clay in Inverkeithing Bay has the reputation of being of very good quality for brick making. The new works are to be formally set in operation today.

Below – 28/05/1901 – Plans of a house being erected at Gardeners Land, Dunfermline for Thomas T Street – Hillpark House, 37 Townhill, Dunfermline


Below – The last-ever picture of the house before it was demolished – It was considered unusual in that most houses in the area were made from stone but this was made from brick – not that unsual considering the owner owned a brickworks! Source


24/08/1901 – Extension of Cruicks Brickworks, Inverkeithing – extensive additions made.  Belongs to Messrs Street Brothers Ltd.  Firm had origins in 1837 – first brickworks at Kingseat Hill then Appin Brickworks on Townhill railway.  Three years ago the firm was formed into a limited company incorporating Terra Cotta Works, Inverkeithing.  At latter works the company have carried on the manufacture of teapots, vases and terracotta wares (?).  New building is 4 storeys high.  Clay is taken from Inverkeithing Bay.  Company also have a whinstone quarry at Inverkeithing.  (p6 col 2)

31/03/1902 – Edinburgh Evening News – Lord Kincairney has issued his judgement in an action by William Macalpine Leny, Dalswinton, Dumfriesshire, proprietor of the lands of Bellyeoman, Fife and another to have Street Bros Ltd, Appin Fire Clay Works, Townhill, Dunfermline who are tenants of a clayfield and coalfield on the lands of Bellyeoman, interdicted from removing sandstone or blaes from the complainers property and using them in connection with the manufacture of bricks. The respondents claimed that under their lease they were entitled to work the surface clay and to remove lose sand or sandstone which obstructed the working of the clay. They also stated that they had to remove the blaes in order to work the coal. His lordship has found that the respondents had no authority to use the sand or blaes and has granted interdict.

1903 – Street Brothers Limited, manufacturers of enamel bricks, fire clay goods &c. Appin fire clay works; TA “Streets, Townhill”; TN 722

06/03/1903 – Kilsyth Chronicle -BANKNOCK – Action regarding a Feu.-In the Outer House of the Court of Session, last week, before Lord Kincairney, John Shepherd Street brick, manufacturer, Inverkeithing, sued James Dobbie, iron-founder, Hollandbush, for declarator of the defender’s forfeiture of all right to a feu contract between him and the pursuer’s authors of ground at Bonnybridge, in respect that the defender has failed, as the pursuer alleged, to erect substantial stone or brick buildings for the purpose of an iron foundry.  The defender denied that the foundry, which he had erected, was disconform to the provisions of the feu contract, and pleaded that, as the pursuer’s feu-duty was amply scoured by the value of the foundry and other buildings he had erected, the pursuer had no interest to enforce the alleged irritancy.  After a proof Lord Kincairney held that the construction of the contract must be strict, and that in his opinion it did not provide for walls such as the pursuer demanded.  As there were brick buildings, including a chimney stalk, furnace, &c., erected by the defender for the purpose of a foundry similar to all foundries in the district, that, in his Lordship’s judgement, satisfied the conditions of the contract.  The defender was assoilized, with expenses.

27/06/1903 – Falkirk Herald  – non brick related article that refers to a Mr John McGill, Clerk, Dennyloanhead who is employed with John A Street, brick manufacturer, Banknock.

11/06/1906 – Street Brothers Limited. At an extraordinary general meeting of the members of the above company, duly convened and held at Appin Fire Clay Works, Townhill, Dunfermline on Monday 11/06/1906 the following resolution was passed – That it has been approved to the satisfaction of this meeting that the Company cannot by reason of its liabilities, continue its business and that it is advisable to wind up same and accordingly that the Company be wound up voluntarily and that Andrew Burt, Solicitor and Bank Agent, Dunfermline be and is hereby appointed liquidator for the purposes of such winding up. Thomas T Street – Chairman.

17/11/1906 –  It is understood that the Tilbury Dock Coy have acquired the leases held by Street Bros Ltd, not only of Cruicks Quarry but of the brickworks at Inverkeithing Bay (p4 col 6)

12/01/1909 – Tilbury considering demolition of old brickworks at Cruicks, Inverkeithing and use bricks to build new cottages on the site (Scotsman p4)

20/10/1928 – The Scotsman  – Inverkeithing Fire Clay Works for sale



John S Street Inverkeithing

Street Bros Dunfermline

Street Brothers Dunfermline






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